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We demonstrate that missense mutations (Asp175Asn; Glu180Gly) in the alpha-tropomyosin gene cause familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (FHC) linked to chromosome 15q2. These findings implicated components of the troponin complex as candidate genes at other FHC loci, particularly cardiac troponin T, which was mapped in this study to chromosome 1q. Missense(More)
A point mutation in exon 13 of the beta cardiac myosin heavy chain (MHC) gene is present in all individuals affected with familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (FHC) from a large kindred. This missense mutation converts a highly conserved arginine residue (Arg-403) to a glutamine. Affected individuals from an unrelated family lack this missense mutation, but(More)
Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (FHC) is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by a ventricular hypertrophy predominantly affecting the interventricular septum and associated with a large extent of myocardial and myofibrillar disarray. It is the most common cause of sudden death in the young. In the four disease loci found, three genes have been(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is an inherited disease of the sarcomere characterised clinically by myocardial hypertrophy and its consequences. Phenotypic expression is heterogeneous even within families with the same aetiological mutation and may be influenced by additional genetic factors. OBJECTIVE To determine the influence of genetic(More)
Highly purified nicking-closing enzyme from mouse cells in 20-fold enzyme/substrate excess converts closed circular native PM2, ColE1, and Minicol DNA into limit product sets of DNAs. Each set has a mean degree of supercoiling of approximately zero. The individual species in the sets differ by deltatau = +/-1, +/-2, etc., and the relative masses fit a(More)
The effect of poly(ADP-ribosylation) on calf thymus topoisomerase type II reactions has been investigated. Unknotting of phage P4 head DNA, and relaxation and catenation of supercoiled PM2 DNA are inhibited. We conclude that the inhibition results from poly(ADP-ribosylation) on the following grounds. Firstly, the enzyme poly(ADP-ribose) (PADPR) synthetase(More)
A human myosin heavy-chain gene, cloned in gamma Charon 4A phage (and as a clone designated lambda gMHC-1), was shown to code for a cardiac myosin heavy chain of the beta-type. The 5' end of the 14,200-base-pair genomic DNA clone is located in the head region of the myosin chain. The 3' end was shown to extent to the COOH terminus and includes the(More)
We have isolated and sequenced the gene and the cDNA coding for the human cardiac beta-myosin heavy chain (designated MYH7). The gene is 22,883 bp long. The 1935 amino acids of this protein (Mr223,111) are encoded by 38 exons. The 5' untranslated region (86 bp) is split by two introns. The 3' untranslated region is 114 bp long. Three Alu repeats were(More)