Hans-Peter Vollmers

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Immunity is not only responsible for recognition and elimination of infectious particles, but also for removal of cellular waste, modified self structures and transformed cells. Innate or natural immunity acts as a first line defense and is also the link to acquired immunity and memory. A striking phenomenon of immunity against malignant cells is that(More)
The human monoclonal antibody SC-1 was isolated from a patient with a diffuse-type adenocarcinoma of the stomach using somatic cell hybridization. The immunoglobulin (Ig)M antibody reacts specifically with diffuse- (70%) and intestinal-type (25%) gastric adenocarcinoma and induces apoptosis in vitro and in vivo. When used in clinical trials with stomach(More)
The mutational pattern of IgVH and IgVL genes from synovial tissue B cell hybridomas (n = 8) of patients (n = 4) with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) was analysed, which had been produced by the electrofusion technique without prior in vitro stimulation. The molecular data were correlated with immunohistopathological data and parameters of local disease activity.(More)
To elucidate the pathogenic role of synovial B cells in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), nine human IgG/lambda-secreting B-cell hybridomas from rheumatoid synovial tissue of a patient with definite RA were screened by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and indirect immunofluorescence on tissue cryosections for detection of antibodies against autoantigens. One(More)
A balanced lipid metabolism is crucial for all cells. Disturbance of this homeostasis by nonphysiological intracellular accumulation of fatty acids can result in apoptosis. This was proven in animal studies and was correlated to some human diseases, like lipotoxic cardiomyopathy. Some metabolic mechanisms of lipo-apoptosis were described, and some causes(More)
BACKGROUND Although stomach carcinoma is estimated to be one of the most frequent cancers worldwide, still little is known about the immunity of patients with stomach cancer. Humoral tumor immunity has been studied by isolating B cells of patients with cancer to characterize the activity of such antibodies on tumor cells. Apoptosis, programmed cell death,(More)
The germline coded human monoclonal IgM antibody 103/51 was isolated from a gastric carcinoma patient. This antibody binds to a 130-kd membrane molecule and has a mitotic effect on tumor cells in vitro. To characterize the target, we sequenced the protein and showed that the antibody binds to the cysteine-rich fibroblast growth factor receptor (CFR)-1,(More)
This study concerns the cytogenetics of 23 gastric carcinomas, classified histologically as intestinal or diffuse types. In carcinomas of the diffuse type, the only numerical changes observed were Y chromosome loss associated with X-chromosome disomy in four of seven male patients. A 46, XX karyotype without recognizable alterations was observed in three of(More)
Stomach cancer is one of the most frequently occurring cancers worldwide, with a very poor prognosis, even after complete gastrectomy. We describe here an alternative therapeutical approach using a human monoclonal antibody (SC-1), which was isolated from a patient with diffuse-type gastric adenocarcinoma. We demonstrate that the antibody significantly(More)
Several studies indicate a pathogenetic role of T-lymphocytes with specificity for heat shock proteins (HSP) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Surprisingly, there are no experimental data for B-lymphocytes with specificity for HSP. To investigate whether B-lymphocytes from rheumatoid synovial tissue show a specificity for HSP 60 we immortalized synovial tissue(More)