Hans-Peter Steinrück

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Graphene, a truly two-dimensional and fully π-conjugated honeycomb carbon network, is currently evolving into the most promising successor to silicon in micro- and nanoelectronic applications. However, its wider application is impeded by the difficulties in opening a bandgap in its gapless band-structure, as well as the lack of processability in the(More)
The appearance of tetraphenylporphyrins in scanning tunneling micrographs depends strongly on the applied bias voltage. Here, we report the observation and identification of certain features in scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) images of intermixed layers of tetraphenylporphyrin (2HTPP) and cobalt-tetraphenylporphyrin (CoTPP) on Ag(111). A significant(More)
We demonstrate that well-defined monolayers of a metal complex on a surface can be prepared by direct vapor deposition of the metal atoms on monolayers of the ligand. In particular, ordered monolayers of adsorbed tetraphenylporphyrin (2H-TPP) on a silver surface were exposed to cobalt vapors, resulting in the complexation of the metal by the porphyrin. The(More)
We studied the interaction of a highly ordered array of Co-tetraphenylporphyrin (CoTPP) with NO on Ag(111) by in situ scanning tunneling microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Upon NO exposure, the initially quadratically ordered CoTPP layer reorganizes, showing a wealth of highly ordered NO+CoTPP coadsorbate phases with increasing size of the(More)
We demonstrate that adsorbed meso-tetraphenylporphyrin molecules can coordinate Zn atoms that are pre-deposited on an Ag(111) surface, forming a complex that is identical to directly deposited tetraphenylporphyrinato-zinc(II); this reaction, which we studied with XPS, is the first example of an oxidative dissolution of a metal by a large organic ligand(More)
The investigation of liquid surfaces and interfaces with the powerful toolbox of ultra-high vacuum (UHV)-based surface science techniques generally has to overcome the issue of liquid evaporation within the vacuum system. In the last decade, however, new classes of liquids with negligible vapor pressure at room temperature-in particular, ionic liquids(More)
We demonstrate the application of in situ X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) to monitor organic, liquid-phase reactions. By covalently attaching ionic head groups to the reacting organic molecules, their volatility can be reduced such that they withstand ultra high vacuum conditions. The applied method, which is new for the investigation of organic(More)
We present the first systematic study of the influence of temperature on the degree of surface enrichment of 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium-based ionic liquids (ILs). Using angle-resolved X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, we demonstrate that the degree of surface enrichment strongly decreases with increasing temperature for all the studied ILs. For ILs with(More)
Carbon dioxide (CO2) absorption by the amine-functionalized ionic liquid (IL) dihydroxyethyldimethylammonium taurinate at 310 K was studied using surface- and bulk-sensitive experimental techniques. From near-ambient pressure X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy at 0.9 mbar CO2, the amount of captured CO2 per mole of IL in the near-surface region is quantified(More)
The thickness of the reaction zone at the interface between calcium and regioregular poly(3-hexylthiophene), which is one of the best performing metal/polymer combinations in photovoltaic devices, depends critically on the temperature of the polymer during the initial phase of metal deposition. It is shown that deposition at 130 K reduces the thickness of(More)