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During reinforcement learning, dopamine release shifts from the moment of reward consumption to the time point when the reward can be predicted. Previous studies provide consistent evidence that reward-predicting cues enhance long-term memory (LTM) formation of these items via dopaminergic projections to the ventral striatum. However, it is less clear… (More)
Circumscribed or diffuse non-puerperal mastitis is usually associated with local signs of inflammation. In two-thirds of these cases it is possible to demonstrate the radiological features of mastitis. Mammography is an important diagnostic procedure in the demonstration of acute mastitis and its differentiation from an inflammatory carcinoma; it is also… (More)
By galacto-biopsy we understand the expression of a suspected intraductal papilloma by firm palpation as part of preparation for galactography. Using galacto-biopsy the accuracy of galactography in the diagnoses of intraduct papillomas was increased to 95%.