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Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) is an established treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, its working mechanism remains unclear. This study explored physiological correlates of eye movements during EMDR in relation to current hypotheses; distraction, conditioning, orienting response activation, and REM-like(More)
During the last few years, a number of children of asylum applicants in Sweden developed an apathetic or unconscious state. The syndrome was perceived as new, and various explanations were advanced such as factitious disorder, intoxication, or stress. Considering a potential association between traumatic stress and regulation of steroids biosynthesis, this(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effects of symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression and dissociation as well as cumulative symptom load on language learning during the introduction phase in re-settled refugees. METHOD Participants were re-settled refugees of Iraqi origin. They were assessed by means of a structured interview for PTSD at(More)
BACKGROUND The present study is part of a longitudinal study of recently resettled refugees with the aim of learning which factors in their daily life influence health as measured by self-report and stress-responsive hormones. METHODS In a group of recently resettled refugees with a high incidence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), diagnosed by(More)
The objective of the present study was to assess alexithymia by means of the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) and The Emotion Protocol (EP) in a group of refugees. Eighty-six subjects were willing to participate. At last follow-up, 33 non-PTSD and 22 PTSD subjects had complete data. Subjects with PTSD had higher scores on the TAS-20 (F = 4.314, df = 77, p(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease of unknown aetiology. The finding of monoclonal antibodies in MS has been attributed to various infectious agents. Nematodes, such as Toxocara species have not been explored as possible aetiologic agents of MS. Some epidemiological studies have found an association between exposure to stress and household pets prior to(More)
UNLABELLED A screening procedure (The Health Leaflet; HL) to assist social workers in finding subjects with possible post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in recently resettled refugees is presented. It is compared with two established self-rating instruments, the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ) and Impact of Event Scale-22 (IES-22), as well as(More)
This paper presents the findings of a longitudinal study of life events in refugees belonging to different language groups from Iraq. Eighty-six individuals were included in the study. Data regarding life events and self-reported health measurements were collected after baseline assessment with 3-monthly intervals on three occasions. Posttraumatic stress(More)
BACKGROUND Refugees constitute a growing section of the general population in many countries. It is therefore important to study which factors in everyday life are important to recently resettled refugees after they have been granted residence. METHODS Life events from a checklist, as well as categories derived from written responses to open-ended(More)
BACKGROUND "Stress" is associated with changes in many systems of the body. The aim was to study the markers of the innate immune system, Serum amyloid A (SAA) and C-reactive protein (CRP), in subjects with and without posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS Subjects were refugees from Iraq in the age range of 18-48 years who participated in a(More)