Hans-Peter Deigner

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Numerous studies support the notion that an activation of sphingomyelinases and a subsequent increase of the concentration of the bioactive lipid mediator ceramide are critical in the concert of inflammatory stimuli and to the induction of apoptosis during inflammation. Here we show that patients with severe sepsis exhibit an enhanced sphingolytic activity(More)
BACKGROUND Currently, a limited range of biochemical tests for hypoxia are in clinical use. Early diagnostic and functional biomarkers that mirror cellular metabolism and recovery during resuscitation are lacking. We hypothesized that the quantification of metabolites after hypoxia and resuscitation would enable the detection of markers of hypoxia as well(More)
Oxidized phospholipids, including 1-palmitoyl-2-glutaroyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (PGPC) and 1-palmitoyl-2-(5-oxovaleroyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POVPC), typically present in minimally modified low density lipoprotein, have been found in atherosclerotic lesions. These compounds are gaining increasing importance as inducers of different cellular(More)
Metabolomics is a truly interdisciplinary field of science, which combines analytical chemistry, platform technology, mass spectrometry, and NMR spectroscopy with sophisticated data analysis. Applied to biomarker discovery, it includes aspects of pathobiochemistry, systems biology/medicine, and molecular diagnostics and requires bioinformatics and(More)
Platelet-derived microvesicles (PMV) that are shed from the plasma membrane of activated platelets, expose various platelet-type antigens on their surface and are able to adhere to other blood cells and endothelial cells. There are several clinical conditions with markedly increased numbers of PMV, e.g. acute coronary syndrome, thrombotic microangiopathy(More)
The metalloproteinase ADAMTS13 cleaves VWF multimers instantaneously when they are released from endothelial cells. Absent or manifestly diminished proteolytic activity of ADAMTS13 results in the appearance and accumulation of ultralarge VWF multimers (ULVWFM) in plasma, characterised by the manifestation of Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (TTP).(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Oxidized phospholipids are biologically active agents that are generated by lipid peroxidation. They are associated with inflammation, oxidative stress and several diseased states as described by an increasing number of reports. In addition, information about the interaction partners, the binding sites, the intracellular signalling and the(More)
Interaction of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (LDL) with arterial smooth muscle cells (SMC) is believed to play a key role in the development of atherosclerosis. Depending on the extent of oxidation, apolipoproteins and/or lipids in the particle may be modified and thus lead to different cellular responses (e.g. proliferation or cell death). Here we(More)
Ceramide, an intracellular lipid mediator, is generated by transient hydrolysis of sphingomyelin in response to agonists inducing inflammation and apoptosis, ionizing radiation, chemotherapeutics or ischaemia/reperfusion. An elevated intracellular ceramide production is predominantly induced by an elevated hydrolytic activity of sphingomyelinases or by the(More)
Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 is expressed in macrophages of arteriosclerotic lesions and promotes inflammation. We investigated whether COX-2 is already expressed in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of subjects possessing risk-related factors, such as in smokers and hyperlipidemics. PBMCs were isolated from the venous blood of normolipidemic nonsmokers(More)