Hans Peter Braun

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An Arabidopsis mitochondrial proteome project was started for a comprehensive investigation of mitochondrial functions in plants. Mitochondria were prepared from Arabidopsis stems and leaves or from Arabidopsis suspension cell cultures, and the purity of the generated fractions was tested by the resolution of organellar protein complexes applying(More)
The translocase of the outer mitochondrial membrane (TOM) complex is a preprotein translocase that mediates transport of nuclear-encoded mitochondrial proteins across the outer mitochondrial membrane. Here we report the purification of this protein complex from Arabidopsis. On blue-native gels the Arabidopsis TOM complex runs at 230 kD and can be dissected(More)
The major mitochondrial processing activity removing presequences from nuclear encoded precursor proteins is present in the soluble fraction of fungal and mammalian mitochondria. We found that in potato, this activity resides in the inner mitochondrial membrane. Surprisingly, the proteolytic activity co-purifies with cytochrome c reductase, a protein(More)
Recently a powerful electrophoresis method for the native preparation and characterization of the respiratory protein complexes of mitochondria from fungi and mammals has been developed, which employs Coomassie dyes to introduce charge shifts on proteins (Schägger and von Jagow (1991) Anal. Biochem. 199, 223-231). The procedure, which is called 'blue(More)
Transport of most nuclear encoded mitochondrial proteins into mitochondria is mediated by heteropolymeric translocases in the membranes of the organelles. The translocase of the outer mitochondrial membrane (TOM) was characterized in fungi, and it was shown that TOM from yeast comprises nine different subunits. This publication is the first report on the(More)
The so-called 'core' proteins of the respiratory cytochrome bc1 complex and the two subunits of the mitochondrial processing peptidase (MPP) are structurally similar but their evolutionary relationship remains a mystery. Here, we present a model suggesting that the core proteins originated from an ancient proteolytic enzyme that was integrated into the bc1(More)
Ubiquinol-cytochrome-c oxidoreductase has been isolated from potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) mitochondria by cytochrome-c affinity chromatography and gel-filtration chromatography. The procedure, which up to now only proved applicable to Neurospora, yields a highly pure and active protein complex in monodisperse state. The molecular mass of the purified(More)
Protoporphyrin IX is the last common intermediate of tetrapyrrole biosynthesis. The chelation of a Mg2+ ion by magnesium chelatase and of a ferrous ion by ferrochelatase directs protoporphyrin IX towards the formation of chlorophyll and heme, respectively. A full length cDNA clone encoding a ferrochelatase was identified from a Nicotiana tabacum cDNA(More)
Proteomics approach was used to elucidate the molecular interactions taking place at the stem cell wall level when tomato species were inoculated with Ralstonia solanacearum, a causative agent of bacterial wilt. Cell wall proteins from both resistant and susceptible plants before and after the bacterial inoculation were extracted from purified cell wall(More)
The mitochondrial processing peptidase (MPP) is a heterodimeric enzyme that forms part of the cytochrome c reductase complex from higher plants. Mitochondria from mammals and yeast contain two homologous enzymes: (i) an active MPP within the mitochondrial matrix and (ii) an inactive MPP within the cytochrome c reductase complex. To elucidate the evolution(More)