Hans-Paul Juretschke

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Insulin resistance plays an important role in the pathogenesis of human type 2 diabetes. In humans, a negative correlation between insulin sensitivity and intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) content has been shown; thus, IMCL becomes a marker for insulin resistance. Recently, magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) has been established as a dependable method for(More)
This is the first study to examine the effect of subchronic olanzapine (OLZ) on energy homeostasis in rats, covering all aspects of energy balance, including energy intake as metabolizable energy, storage, and expenditure. We further analyzed whether, and by which mechanism, the CB1-antagonist AVE1625 might attenuate OLZ-induced body weight gain. For this(More)
Increased supply of fatty acids to muscle and liver is causally involved in the insulin resistance syndrome. Using a tissue microdialysis technique in Wistar and Zucker fatty (ZF) rats, we determined tissue glycerol levels as a marker of lipolysis in gastrocnemius muscle (gMT), subcutaneous adipose (SAT), and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) as well as the(More)
The additive effects of obesity and metabolic syndrome on left ventricular (LV) maladaptive remodeling and function in hypertension are not characterized. We compared an obese spontaneously hypertensive rat model (SHR-ob) with lean spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR-lean) and normotensive controls (Ctr). LV-function was investigated by cardiac magnetic(More)
Despite the contribution of changes in pancreatic β-cell mass to the development of all forms of diabetes mellitus, few robust approaches currently exist to monitor these changes prospectively in vivo. Although magnetic-resonance imaging (MRI) provides a potentially useful technique, targeting MRI-active probes to the β cell has proved challenging. Zinc(More)
AIMS Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) leads to cardiac dysfunction irrespective of hypertension and coronary artery disease; this is called diabetic cardiomyopathy. Here, we investigated the severity of diabetic cardiomyopathy and myocardial remodelling in aged Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rats. METHODS AND RESULTS Body weight, blood glucose and glycated(More)
Intramyocellular lipid content (IMCL) serves as a good biomarker of skeletal muscle insulin resistance (IR). However, intracellular fatty acid metabolites [malonyl-CoA, long-chain acyl-CoA (LCACoA)] rather than IMCL are considered to be responsible for IR. This study aimed to investigate dynamics of IMCL and fatty acid metabolites during(More)
The neuroprotective activity of ACEA 1021 (5-nitro-6,7-dichloro-1,4-dihydro-2,3-quinoxalinedione; licostinel), a selective antagonist at the strychnine-insensitive glycine site associated with the NMDA receptor complex, has been investigated in various models of focal cerebral ischemia. In isoflurane-anaesthesised Wistar rats with permanent ipsilateral(More)
This review summarizes the current knowledge on anatomy and physiology of the human gastrointestinal tract in comparison with that of common laboratory animals (dog, pig, rat and mouse) with emphasis on in vivo methods for testing and prediction of oral dosage form performance. A wide range of factors and methods are considered in addition, such as imaging(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertension and metabolic syndrome (MetS) are associated with increased sympathetic activation possibly contributing to the progression of renal damage and cardiac remodeling. Renal sympathetic denervation (RDN) decreases sympathetic renal efferent and afferent nerve activity. METHODS Obese spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs-ob) were(More)