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  • N Ylitalo, P Sørensen, A M Josefsson, P K Magnusson, P K Andersen, J Pontén +3 others
  • 2000
BACKGROUND Persistent infection with certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV) is believed to be a prerequisite for the development of cervical neoplasia. Persistence may depend on certain characteristics, such as viral load, which has so far been given little attention. We investigated the association between HPV 16 viral load and cervical carcinoma in(More)
  • A M Josefsson, P K Magnusson, N Ylitalo, P Sørensen, P Qwarforth-Tubbin, P K Andersen +3 others
  • 2000
BACKGROUND Infection with certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV), which is common among young women, increases the risk of cervical cancer. However, less than 1% of young women positive for oncogenic types of HPV develop cervical cancer. We investigated whether the amount of HPV DNA is a useful predictor of progression to cervical carcinoma in situ. (More)
Alcohol and tobacco consumption are closely correlated and published results on their association with breast cancer have not always allowed adequately for confounding between these exposures. Over 80% of the relevant information worldwide on alcohol and tobacco consumption and breast cancer were collated, checked and analysed centrally. Analyses included(More)
There is growing and persuasive evidence , both experimental (1–4) and epidemiologic (5–7), that the peptide hormone insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) is a critical factor in the development of prostate cancer. Because of their central role in the regulation of bio-available IGF-I, the insulin-like growth factor-binding proteins (IGFBPs) have also come(More)
A cohort of 1655 patients with Crohn's disease diagnosed during 1983 in the Uppsala health care region, Sweden, was followed up with respect to the occurrence of colorectal cancer to the end of 1984. 12 colorectal cancers were diagnosed, yielding an increased overall risk of 2.5. The relative risk was similar for males and females. Duration of follow-up did(More)
Increasing parity is associated with a reduction in the risk of ovarian cancer, but it is not clear whether this association applies to different histopathological types and to borderline tumours. Moreover, the temporal relations are poorly understood, and the possible role of age at first birth remains unequivocal. We have investigated these issues in a(More)
Intrauterine exposure to high concentrations of endogenous pregnancy oestrogens may be important in the aetiology of breast cancer. In a nested case-control study we have assessed the relation between breast cancer risk and indicators of pregnancy oestrogen concentrations; pre-eclampsia/eclampsia is negatively related and measures of fetal size are(More)
Swedish population-based incidence and mortality rates for cancer of the uterine cervix, both in situ and invasive, during the period 1958 to 1981 were determined by means of a dynamic model. This new approach describes without any preconceptions the development of the disease as a sequential process over the stages cancer in situ, invasive cancer before(More)
BACKGROUND Urogenital symptoms are common among postmenopausal women. Such symptoms may be alleviated by low-potency oestrogen formulations administered orally or vaginally. Although low-potency oestrogen formulations are assumed to have few, if any, adverse effects on the endometrium, risk of endometrial neoplasia has not been quantified. METHODS In a(More)