To map spatial patterns of floodplain vegetation structure for hydrodynamic modelling, airborne laser scanning is a promising tool. In a test for the lower Rhine floodplain, vegetation height and density of herbaceous vegetation were measured in the field at 42 georeferenced plots of 200 m 2 each. Simultaneously, three airborne laser scanning (ALS) surveys… (More)
Keywords: Integrated assessment Metamodel Water management Uncertainty Climate change adaptation Rhine a b s t r a c t Exploring adaptation pathways is an emerging approach for supporting decision making under uncertain changing conditions. An adaptation pathway is a sequence of policy actions to reach specified objectives. To develop adaptation pathways,… (More)
1. Introduction The world's river deltas are increasingly vulnerable due to pressures from climate change, relative sea level rise and population growth (Syvitski et al., 2009; Vö rö smarty, 2009). Therefore, densely populated deltas such as the Netherlands require well-designed water management for flood protection and for coping with varying water demands… (More)
Keywords: Biodiversity Ecotoxicological hazards Floodplain vegetation Hydrodynamic uncertainty Monte Carlo analysis Rhine river Special areas of nature conservation Suspended sediment deposition a b s t r a c t Land cover maps provide essential input data for various hydromorphological and ecological models, but the effect of land cover classification… (More)
The publisher regrets that Fig. 1 was not published completely. The correct version of Fig. 1 is presented below. The publisher would like to apologise for any inconvenience caused. Open access under CC BY license.
Rivers in developed regions are under significant stress due to nutrient enrichment generated mainly by human activities. Excess nitrogen and phosphorus emissions are the product of complex dynamic systems influenced by various factors such as demographic, socioeconomic and technological development. Using a Catalan river catchment , La Tordera (NorthEast… (More)