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Targeting the PD-1/PD-L1 immune checkpoint signaling is a novel promising treatment strategy in several tumor entities, and it is suggested that PD-L1/PD-1 expression is predictive for a PD-1/PD-L1 checkpoint inhibitor treatment response. We investigated the expression of PD-L1 and PD-1 by immunohistochemistry in a large and well characterized gastric(More)
Microsatellite instable gastric cancer (MSI-GC) is a specific molecular subtype of GC. We studied the phenotypes, genotypes, and clinicopathologic characteristics of MSI-GC in a white GC cohort and compared our findings with an extended literature review. The study cohort consisted of 482 patients. Specimens were available from 452 cases and were used for(More)
PURPOSE We investigated the effect of the new TNM classification on gastric cancer staging. PATIENTS AND METHODS From hospital records, information from patients with gastric cancer, who had undergone either total or partial gastrectomy for adenocarcinomas of the stomach or esophagogastric junction, was retrieved. The pathologic TNM stage was determined(More)
We investigated various phenotypic and genotypic biomarkers of gastric cancer (GC) testing the following hypotheses: are these biomarkers suitable for the identification of GC subtypes, are they of prognostic significance, and should any of these biomarkers be considered to tailor patient treatment in the future. The study cohort consisted of 482 patients.(More)
Genomically stable gastric cancers (GCs) are enriched for the diffuse phenotype and hotspot mutations of RHOA. Here we aimed to validate the occurrence, phenotype and clinicopathological characteristics of RHOA mutant GCs in an independent Central European GC cohort consisting of 415 patients. The RHOA genotype (exon 2 and 3) was correlated with various(More)
The application of Trastuzumab on gastric cancer patients is based on Her2/neu immunostaining. The testing method relies on visual estimation of both membranous staining intensity, and positive tumor ratio with respect to a 10% cutoff. We evaluated the effect of inter- and intraobserver variations of both factors on therapeutic decision, especially if the(More)
The side population (SP) of tumor cell lines shares characteristics with tumor stem cells. The objective of this study was to phenotypically and genotypically characterize the SP of gastric cancer cell lines. SP cells were obtained from AGS and MKN45 gastric cancer cells using Hoechst 33342 staining and fluorescence-activated cell sorting. The cells were(More)
In this study we tested the prevalence, histoanatomical distribution and tumour biological significance of the Wnt target protein and cancer stem cell marker LGR5 in tumours of the human gastrointestinal tract. Differential expression of LGR5 was studied on transcriptional (real-time polymerase chain reaction) and translational level (immunohistochemistry)(More)
Full-length (FL) docking protein-1 (DOK1) is an adapter protein which inhibits growth factor and immune response pathways in normal tissues, but is frequently lost in human cancers. Small DOK1 variants remain in cells of solid tumors and leukemias, albeit, their functions are elusive. To assess the so far unknown role of DOK1 in colorectal cancer (CRC), we(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of integrins, their ligands, and integrin signaling-related molecules in a cohort of human primary non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC). Formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissue samples from 215 NSCLC were immunohistochemically stained using antibodies directed against αvβ3, αvβ5, αvβ6, αvβ8, αv,(More)