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Protein kinases are critical components of signaling pathways and trigger various biological events. Several members of this superfamily are interesting targets for novel therapeutic approaches. All known eukaryotic protein kinases exhibit a conserved catalytic core domain with an adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) binding site, which often is targeted in drug(More)
In this paper, we compare protein- and ligand-based virtual screening techniques for identifying the ligands of four biogenic amine-binding G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs). For the screening of the virtual compound libraries, we used (1) molecular docking into GPCR homology models, (2) ligand-based pharmacophore and Feature Tree models, (3)(More)
Target- and ligand-based virtual screening have emerged as resource-saving techniques that have been successfully applied to identify novel chemotypes in biologically active molecules. Eight confirmed virtual screening hits have recently been described and are discussed in this review, with focus on the workflow. These are then evaluated in the light of(More)
To gain insight into the structural determinants for the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family, we characterized the binding sites of 56 MMP structures and one TACE (tumor necrosis factor alpha converting enzyme) structure using molecular interaction fields (MIFs). These MIFs were produced by two approaches: the GRID force field and the knowledge-based(More)
We present a novel approach for ligand-based virtual screening by combining query molecules into a multiple feature tree model called MTree. All molecules are described by the established feature tree descriptor, which is derived from a topological molecular graph. A new pairwise alignment algorithm leads to a consistent topological molecular alignment(More)
BACKGROUND The benefits of percutaneous angioplasty of renal artery stenosis is not known. In an attempt to better define the patient subgroup most likely to benefit from a revascularization procedure, the relationship between renal arterial morphology, blood flow volume, and renal volume was investigated using magnetic resonance (MR) techniques. METHODS(More)
Additional resources and features associated with this article are available within the HTML version: • Supporting Information • Links to the 4 articles that cite this article, as of the time of this article download • Access to high resolution figures • Links to articles and content related to this article • Copyright permission to reproduce figures and/or(More)
The discovery of Streptomyces-produced streptomycin founded the age of tuberculosis therapy. Despite the subsequent development of a curative regimen for this disease, tuberculosis remains a worldwide problem, and the emergence of multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis has prioritized the need for new drugs. Here we show that new optimized(More)
BACKGROUND Emergency departments (EDs) are an essential component of any developed health care system. There is, however, no national description of EDs in Switzerland. Our objective was to establish the number and location of EDs, patient visits and flow, medical staff and organization, and capabilities in 2006, as a benchmark before emergency medicine(More)
The design, synthesis and structure-activity relationship (SAR) of a series of nonpeptidic 2-arylsulfonyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-isoquinoline-3-carboxylates and-hydroxamates as inhibitors of the matrix metalloproteinase human neutrophil collagenase (MMP-8) is described here. Based on available X-ray structures of MMP-8/inhibitor complexes, our structure-based(More)