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The epithelial mucin MUC1 is an important tumor marker of breast cancer and other carcinomas. Its immunodominant DTR motif, which is the principal target for immunotherapeutic approaches, has been assumed until recently not to be glycosylated in both normal and tumor MUC1 and to acquire its immunogenic conformation by virtue of a certain number of tandem(More)
Ultrafast dynamics of a reconstituted Lhca4 subunit from the peripheral LHCI-730 antenna of photosystem I of higher plants were probed by femtosecond absorption spectroscopy at 77 K. Intramonomeric energy transfer from chlorophyll (Chl) b to Chl a and energy equilibration between Chl a molecules observed on the subpicosecond time scale are largely similar(More)
A gene for a light-harvesting chlorophyll (Chl) a/b-binding protein (LHCP) from pea (Pisum sativum L.) has been cloned in a bacterial expression vector. Bacteria (Escherichia coli) transformed with this construct produced up to 20% of their protein as pLHCP, a derivative of the authentic precursor protein coded for by the pea gene with three amino-terminal(More)
The major light-harvesting complex (LHCII) of photosystem II, the most abundant chlorophyll-containing complex in higher plants, is organized in trimers. In this paper we show that the trimerization of LHCII occurs spontaneously and is dependent on the presence of lipids. LHCII monomers were reconstituted from the purified apoprotein (LHCP), overexpressed(More)
The major light-harvesting complex (LHCII) of photosystem II can be reconstituted in its native, trimeric form starting from its apoprotein light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b-binding protein (LHCP), pigments, and thylakoid lipids. In this paper we identify segments in the LHCP polypeptide that are essential for the formation of stable LHCII trimers by(More)
Variations in the amount of the light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b-binding protein complex (LHCII) is essential for regulation of the uptake of light into photosystem II. An endogenous proteolytic system was found to be involved in the degradation of LHCII in response to elevated light intensities and the proteolysis was shown to be under tight regulation(More)
Four amino acids in the major light-harvesting chlorophyll (Chl) a/b complex (LHCII) that are thought to coordinate Chl molecules have been exchanged with amino acids that presumably cannot bind Chl. Amino acids H68, Q131, Q197, and H212 are positioned in helixes B, C, A, and D, respectively, and, according to the LHCII crystal structure [Kühlbrandt, W., et(More)
In higher plants, the de-epoxidation of violaxanthin (Vx) to antheraxanthin and zeaxanthin is required for the pH-dependent dissipation of excess light energy as heat and by that process plays an important role in the protection against photo-oxidative damage. The de-epoxidation reaction was investigated in an in vitro system using reconstituted(More)
Established pulse EPR approaches to the measurement of small dipole-dipole couplings between electron spins rely on constant-time echo experiments to separate relaxational contributions from dipolar time evolution. This requires a compromise between sensitivity and resolution to be made prior to the measurement, so that optimum data are only obtained if the(More)
UDP-N-acetylglucosamine:alpha-3-D-mannoside beta-1,2-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I catalyzes an essential first step in the conversion of high mannose to hybrid and complex N-glycans (Schachter, H. (1986) Biochem. Cell Biol. 64, 163-181; Oppenheimer, C.L., and Hill, R.L. (1981) J. Biol. Chem. 256, 799-804), i.e. the addition of GlcNAc to (Man alpha(More)