Hans Marten Paulsen

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Light-dependent activation of thylakoid protein phosphorylation regulates the energy distribution between photosystems I and II of oxygen-evolving photosynthetic eukaryotes as well as the turnover of photosystem II proteins. So far the only known effect of light on the phosphorylation process is the redox-dependent regulation of the membrane-bound protein(More)
Established pulse EPR approaches to the measurement of small dipole-dipole couplings between electron spins rely on constant-time echo experiments to separate relaxational contributions from dipolar time evolution. This requires a compromise between sensitivity and resolution to be made prior to the measurement, so that optimum data are only obtained if the(More)
Ultrafast dynamics of a reconstituted Lhca4 subunit from the peripheral LHCI-730 antenna of photosystem I of higher plants were probed by femtosecond absorption spectroscopy at 77 K. Intramonomeric energy transfer from chlorophyll (Chl) b to Chl a and energy equilibration between Chl a molecules observed on the subpicosecond time scale are largely similar(More)
The major light-harvesting complex (LHCII) of photosystem II can be reconstituted in its native, trimeric form starting from its apoprotein light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b-binding protein (LHCP), pigments, and thylakoid lipids. In this paper we identify segments in the LHCP polypeptide that are essential for the formation of stable LHCII trimers by(More)
Light-harvesting chlorophyll-a/b-binding protein (LHCP), overexpressed in Escherichia coli, can be reconstituted with pigments to yield complexes that are structurally very similar to light-harvesting complex II (LHCII) isolated from thylakoids [Paulsen, H., Rümler, U. & Rüdiger, W. (1990) Planta 181, 204-211]. In order to analyze which domains of the(More)
The major light-harvesting complex (LHCII) of photosystem II, the most abundant chlorophyll-containing complex in higher plants, is organized in trimers. In this paper we show that the trimerization of LHCII occurs spontaneously and is dependent on the presence of lipids. LHCII monomers were reconstituted from the purified apoprotein (LHCP), overexpressed(More)
Four amino acids in the major light-harvesting chlorophyll (Chl) a/b complex (LHCII) that are thought to coordinate Chl molecules have been exchanged with amino acids that presumably cannot bind Chl. Amino acids H68, Q131, Q197, and H212 are positioned in helixes B, C, A, and D, respectively, and, according to the LHCII crystal structure [Kühlbrandt, W., et(More)
In higher plants, the de-epoxidation of violaxanthin (Vx) to antheraxanthin and zeaxanthin is required for the pH-dependent dissipation of excess light energy as heat and by that process plays an important role in the protection against photo-oxidative damage. The de-epoxidation reaction was investigated in an in vitro system using reconstituted(More)
We present evidence that site-specific O-glycosylation by recombinant polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferases rGalNAc-T2 and -T4 is controlled by the primary sequence context, as well as by the position and structure of previously introduced O-glycans. Synthetic mucin-type (glyco)peptides corresponding to sections of the tandem repeat regions of(More)
The conformational behaviour of the light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b-binding protein (LHCP), the apoprotein of the major light-harvesting complex (LHCII) of photosystem II in plants, has been studied. According to the circular dichroism in the ultraviolet range measured with isolated LHCII, the protein in the complex adopts a folded structure with a high(More)