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A compartment model has been developed and validated for the kinetic analysis of (S)(-)11C-nicotine binding in the brain including a compensation for the influence of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF). The model was applied to eight patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) and three age-matched healthy volunteers who received intravenous injections of(More)
UNLABELLED The organs at risk in radionuclide therapy with (177)Lu-octreotate are the bone marrow and the kidneys. The primary aim of this study was to develop an individualized dosimetry protocol for the bone marrow. The secondary aim was to identify those patients, undergoing fractionated therapy with 7.4 GBq/cycle, who first reached an accumulated dose(More)
Three patients with Alzheimer's disease, a 68-year-old woman with mild dementia and 2 men (aged 64 and 72 years) with moderate dementia were treated orally with the cholinesterase inhibitor tacrine (tetrahydroaminoacridine), 80 mg daily, for several months. The patients were investigated using positron emission tomography (PET) prior to, and after 3 weeks(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the HER2 expression in breast cancer is retained in metastases. The HER2 expression in primary tumours and the corresponding lymph node metastases were evaluated in parallel samples from 47 patients. The HercepTest was used for immunohistochemical analyses of HER2 overexpression in all cases. CISH/FISH was used(More)
Functional imaging techniques offer new possibilities for further understanding of changes in functional correlates of structural and biological changes in dementia disorders like Alzheimer's disease (AD). Regional disturbances in glucose metabolism and cerebral blood flow are known to occur in AD brains and probably roughly correlate to changes in(More)
Patients without respiratory symptoms were studied awake and during general anesthesia with mechanical ventilation prior to elective surgery. Ventilation-perfusion (VA/Q) relationships, gas exchange and atelectasis formation were studied during five different conditions: 1) supine, awake; 2) supine during anesthesia with conventional mechanical ventilation(More)
The regional kinetics of intravenously injected L-methyl-11C-methionine (11C-L-methionine) in the brain was investigated by positron emission tomography (PET) in 14 patients with gliomas. In both tumor and unaffected brain the tracer uptake reached a nearly constant level in 5 min or less. The ratio between the uptake of 11C-L-methionine by high-grade(More)
The metallic group XVIa elements selenium and tellurium possess remarkably similar chemical properties. However, unlike selenium, tellurium is not an essential micronutrient and, indeed, induces both acute and chronic toxicity in a variety of species. Despite this, very little is known of the molecular mechanisms of toxicity of tellurium, particularly with(More)
A radiolabeled anti-HER2 Affibody molecule (Z(HER2:342)) targets HER2-expressing xenografts with high selectivity and gives good imaging contrast. However, the small size (approximately 7 kDa) results in rapid glomerular filtration and high renal accumulation of radiometals, thus excluding targeted therapy. Here, we report that reversible binding to albumin(More)
In previous studies of supratentorial gliomas with positron emission tomography (PET) and computed tomography (CT), high uptakes of L-methyl-11C-methionine (11C-L-methionine) were found even in astrocytomas without blood-brain barrier defects as judged by CT or 68Ga-EDTA PET. In a number of patients examined after radiation therapy, there were no consistent(More)