U ntil recently the role of women's social status in determining their children's nutritional health went largely unnoticed. That is, until researchers began to ponder the Asian Enigma—the question of why malnutrition is much more prevalent among children in South Asia than in Sub-Saharan Africa, even though South Asia surpasses Sub-Saharan Africa in most… (More)
This chapter presents a technique for evaluating the impact of economic " shocks " — policy changes and exogenous events — on poverty and inequality, based on a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model with representative households (RHs) that are linked to a household module. Any analysis of the impact of major economic shocks (for example a significant… (More)
TMD Discussion Papers contain preliminary material and research results, and are circulated prior to a full peer review in order to stimulate discussion and critical comment. It is expected that most Discussion Papers will eventually be published in some other form, and that their content may also be revised. This paper was written under the IFPRI project "… (More)
Public and private third-party payers in many countries encourage or mandate the use of generic drugs. This article examines the development of generics policy in Australia, against the background of a description of international trends in this area, and related experiences of reference pricing programs. The Australian generics market remains… (More)
The views expressed in this paper are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Asian Development Bank. The Asian Development Bank does not guarantee the accuracy of the data presented.
Achieving the Millennium Development Goals by 2015 in many developing countries will require significant scaling-up of expenditures on social service delivery and an increase in foreign assistance. It will also require careful planning of public spending in terms of sectoral allocation, sequencing and macroeconomic implications. Especially for low-income… (More)