Hans Linde Nielsen

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Various commensal enteric and potentially pathogenic bacteria may be involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). We compared the risk of IBD between a cohort of patients with documented Salmonella or Campylobacter gastroenteritis and an age- and gender-matched control group from the same population in Denmark. (More)
The incidence of non-thermophilic Campylobacter species was assessed in an unselected population-based study in a mixed urban and rural community in North Jutland, Denmark. In a 2-year study period, 11,314 faecal samples from 8302 patients with gastroenteritis were cultured with supplement of the filter method. We recovered a high incidence of Campylobacter(More)
To-date only 21 clinical cases of Actinobaculum schaalii infection have been published, and A. schaalii has been considered a rare cause of urinary tract infection (UTI) and urosepsis. Between y 2005 and 2008, we isolated A. schaalii from 55 predisposed elderly patients. In these cases, microscopic findings of coccoid rods in wet smears of urine gave rise(More)
BACKGROUND Campylobacter concisus is a commensal of the human oral flora that has been linked to prolonged diarrhea and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It has been detected more often from intestinal biopsies in patients with IBD compared to healthy controls using PCR-based techniques, whereas the number of C. concisus culture-positive biopsies in(More)
There are only sparse data on the short-term and medium-term clinical impacts of Campylobacter concisus infection. A clinical study was performed during a 2-year period to determine the clinical manifestations in C. concisus-positive adult patients. A case patient was defined as an adult patient (≥18 years) with a C. concisus-positive stool sample during(More)
Campylobacter concisus infections of the gastrointestinal tract can be accompanied by diarrhea and inflammation, whereas colonization of the human oral cavity might have a commensal nature. We focus on the pathophysiology of C. concisus and the effects of different clinical oral and fecal C. concisus strains on human HT-29/B6 colon cells. Six oral and eight(More)
The emerging enteric pathogen Campylobacter concisus is associated with prolonged diarrhea and inflammatory bowel disease. Previous studies have shown that C. concisus strains are very genetically diverse. Nevertheless, C. concisus strains have been divided into two genomospecies, where GS1 strains have been isolated predominantly from healthy individuals,(More)
OBJECTIVE Gastroenteritis with Campylobacter concisus is an emerging infection, but the risk of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) following it is unknown. MATERIAL AND METHODS In a prospective, community-based study of gastroenteritis with C. concisus and C. jejuni/coli, we invited adult patients to participate in a questionnaire study, including IBS(More)
Calprotectin (CP) is a calcium-binding cytosolic neutrophil protein and the concentration in feces reflects the migration of neutrophils into the gut lumen. Testing for fecal CP (f-CP) in patients with negative cultures for enteric pathogens is widely accepted as a useful screening tool for identifying patients who are most likely to benefit from endoscopy(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Denmark experienced three waves of the new pandemic influenza A (H1N1)pdm09 from July 2009 to February 2011. The aim of the study was to describe the epidemiology and clinical characteristics of hospitalized patients in a defined population of North Denmark Region with a mixed urban and rural community of 579,000 inhabitants. (More)