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Stimulated by the rapid progress in developmental genetics, recent approaches to evolutionary theory focus on the interface function of developmental processes in the study of genotype-phenotype mapping. From this viewpoint, the main result of the present analysis is that the expression patterns of developmental control genes are reflected in the(More)
The Neotropical genus Heliconius (Nymphalidae) is unique among butterflies for its pollen-feeding behaviour. With the application of saliva, they extract amino acids from pollen grains on the outside of the proboscis. We predicted that the salivary glands of pollen-feeding Heliconiinae would show adaptations to this derived feeding behaviour. A biometrical(More)
Point mutations in a cis-regulatory element of Sonic Hedgehog are frequently associated with preaxial polydactyly in humans, mice, and cats. The Hemingway mutant in the Maine Coon cat exhibits polyphenic effects of polydactyly that are not equally distributed. A statistical analysis of a comprehensive data base of Hemingway mutants reveals a biased and(More)
Extremely divergent traits between males and females are often the result of different requirements and behaviours of the sexes and will evolve relatively rapidly under selection forces. Sexual dimorphism in Rhopalapion longirostre is predominately manifested in the length and structure of the rostrum. To estimate how sexual selection shapes mating success(More)
Multivariate statistics (principal components analysis, path analysis) were used to investigate fitness components of the interactions between the weevil Rhopalapion longirostre (Olivier, 1807), Apionidae, Coleoptera and its host plant Alcea rosea (Linnaeus, 1758), Malvaceae. We focused on the activities of the larvae such as the choice of seeds for(More)
The drift of early development stages is an essential element of dispersal in many fish species. It is caused by a multitude of factors and is thus highly specific for each taxon and developmental stage. In this paper, we examined the drift of free embryos, larvae, and juveniles of percids and gobiids in a free-flowing stretch of the Austrian Danube. We(More)
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