Hans Kromhout

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OBJECTIVES To construct a computer assisted information system for the estimation of the numbers of workers exposed to established and suspected human carcinogens in the member states of the European Union (EU). METHODS A database called CAREX (carcinogen exposure) was designed to provide selected exposure data and documented estimates of the number of(More)
A database of approximately 20,000 chemical exposures has been constructed in close co-operation between the School of Public Health of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and the Department of Air Pollution of the Wageningen Agricultural University. A special feature of this database is that only multiple measurements of exposure from the same(More)
Following the adoption of new international sampling conventions for inhalable, thoracic and respirable aerosol fractions, a working group of Comité Européen de Normalisation (CEN) drafted a standard for the performance of workplace aerosol sampling instruments. The present study was set up to verify the experimental, statistical and mathematical procedures(More)
In the spring and summer of 2001, 47 fathers, 48 mothers and 117 children of Iowa farm and non-farm households were recruited to participate in a study investigating take-home pesticide exposure. On two occasions approximately 1 month apart, urine samples from each participant and dust samples from various rooms were collected from each household and were(More)
Dermal exposure, primarily to pesticides, has been measured for almost half a century. Compared with exposure by inhalation, limited progress has been made towards standardisation of methods of measurement and development of biologically relevant exposure measures. It is suggested that the absence of a consistent terminology and a theoretical model has been(More)
The variability of exposure has important implications for the design of occupational epidemiologic studies. To assess the influence of this variability in the rubber industry, the efficiency of different schemes for classification of exposure to particulates, cyclohexane-soluble contaminants, and solvents was assessed. Groupings based on job title, plant,(More)
INTRODUCTION An industrial hygiene database has been constructed for the exposure assessment in a study of cancer risk among asphalt workers. AIM To create models of bitumen and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) exposure intensity among paving workers. METHODS Individual exposure measurements from pavers (N = 1581) were collected from 8 countries.(More)
The aim of this study was to estimate occupational exposure to inhalable wood dust by country, industry, the level of exposure and type of wood dust in 25 member states of the European Union (EU-25) for the purposes of hazard control, exposure surveillance and assessment of health risks. National labour force statistics, a country questionnaire (in 15(More)
Methods We used the comparative risk assessment framework developed for previous iterations of the Global Burden of Disease Study to estimate attributable deaths, disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), and trends in exposure by age group, sex, year, and geography for 79 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks(More)
BACKGROUND There are no large population-based studies on occupational asthma, and few estimates of the proportion of asthma attributed to occupation, even though asthma is the most common occupational respiratory disorder in industrialised countries. METHODS We assessed data on 15,637 people aged 20-44, randomly selected from the general population of 26(More)