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RATIONALE The subjective perception of dyspnea, which is an impairing symptom in various cardiopulmonary diseases, consists of sensory (intensity) and affective aspects (unpleasantness). However, little is known about the cortical processing of the perception of dyspnea. OBJECTIVES To investigate the cortical areas associated with the processing of the(More)
The early detection of stimuli signalling threat to an organism is a crucial evolutionary advantage. For example, the perception of aversive bodily sensations such as dyspnea and pain strongly motivates fast adaptive behaviour to ensure survival. Their similarly threatening and motivating characters led to the speculation that both sensations are mediated(More)
OBJECT Ventriculoatrial (VA) shunts inserted for the treatment of hydrocephalus are known to be a risk factor for pulmonary hypertension. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of pulmonary hypertension among adult patients with VA shunts. METHODS All patients who had received a VA shunt at one of two institutions between 1985 and 2000 were(More)
RATIONALE Dyspnea is the impairing cardinal symptom of asthma but its accurate perception is also crucial for timely initiation of treatment. However, the underlying brain mechanisms of perceived dyspnea in patients with asthma are unknown. OBJECTIVES To study brain mechanisms of dyspnea in asthma. METHODS By using functional magnetic resonance imaging(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a life-threatening disease with poor prognosis. Encouraging efforts have been made to target the main vasoproliferative aspects of the disease. Promising emerging therapeutics are tyrosine kinase inhibitors such as imatinib. CASE PRESENTATION Here, we discuss the relevance of previously published cases and add(More)
Dyspnea is the impairing, cardinal symptom patients with asthma repeatedly experience over the course of the disease. However, its accurate perception is also crucial for timely initiation of treatment. Reduced perception of dyspnea is associated with negative treatment outcome, but the underlying brain mechanisms of perceived dyspnea in patients with(More)
INTRODUCTION Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) is a standard procedure in selected patients with acute respiratory failure. Previous studies have used noninvasive ventilation to ensure adequate gas exchange during fiberoptic bronchoscopy in spontaneously breathing hypoxemic patients, thus avoiding endotracheal intubation. However, it is unknown whether(More)
The Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (Japan) has approved research into primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) and pulmonary hypertension due to chronic thromboembolic and/or embolic disease (CTE-PH) to examine their epidemiology, pathophysiology, and develop new therapeutic strategies. The Respiratory Failure Research Group, with grant support from the(More)
INTRODUCTION Critically ill patients with respiratory failure undergoing bronchoscopy have an increased risk of hypoxaemia-related complications. Previous studies have shown that in awake, hypoxaemic patients non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is helpful in preventing gas exchange deterioration during bronchoscopy. An alternative and increasingly used means of(More)
BACKGROUND Most pulmonary rehabilitation programmes currently involve 2-3 sessions per week as recommended by international guidelines. We aimed to investigate whether relevant improvements in physical capabilities and quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) could be achieved by a long-term, low intensity, once weekly(More)