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The dual endothelin receptor antagonist bosentan has been approved in several countries for pulmonary arterial hypertension, and patients with portopulmonary hypertension (PPHTN) have not specifically been excluded. However, no data have been published on the efficacy and safety of bosentan in this patient population. Here, the first clinical experiences(More)
Novel treatments, such as prostanoids or endothelin receptor antagonists, have been introduced for various forms of pulmonary arterial hypertension, but the long-term effects of these treatments on portopulmonary hypertension (PPHT) are unknown. In a retrospective analysis, the present authors assessed the safety and efficacy of inhaled iloprost, a(More)
The Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (Japan) has approved research into primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) and pulmonary hypertension due to chronic thromboembolic and/or embolic disease (CTE-PH) to examine their epidemiology, pathophysiology, and develop new therapeutic strategies. The Respiratory Failure Research Group, with grant support from the(More)
Addition of inhaled iloprost to bosentan may have beneficial effects in patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). A multicentre, open, randomised, controlled trial was performed to assess the safety and efficacy of inhaled iloprost in patients with IPAH who had already been treated with bosentan. The trial was terminated early after a(More)
Pulmonary hypertension is a major reason for elevated perioperative morbidity and mortality, even in noncardiac surgical procedures. Patients should be thoroughly prepared for the intervention and allowed plenty of time for consideration. All specialty units involved in treatment should play a role in these preparations. After selecting each of the suitable(More)
The objective of this prospective study was to assess safety and efficacy of exercise training in a large cohort of patients with different forms and World Health Organization (WHO) functional classes of chronic pulmonary hypertension (PH). 183 patients with PH (pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), chronic thromboembolic PH and PH due to respiratory or(More)
INTRODUCTION The objective of this prospective study was to assess short- and long-term efficacy of exercise training (ET) as add-on to medical therapy in patients with connective tissue disease-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension (CTD-APAH). METHODS Patients with invasively confirmed CTD-APAH received ET in-hospital for 3 weeks and continued at(More)
BACKGROUND Aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the effects of exercise training in patients with inoperable or residual chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). METHODS Thirty-five consecutive patients with invasively confirmed inoperable or residual CTEPH (16 women;19 men; mean age 61±15 years, mean pulmonary artery pressure,(More)
BACKGROUND This study sought to analyze a new approach to assess exercise-induced pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) increase by means of stress Doppler echocardiography as a possible measure of right ventricular contractile reserve in patients with severe pulmonary hypertension and right heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS In this prospective(More)
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a life-threatening disease characterized by an elevated pulmonary arterial pressure and vascular resistance with a poor prognosis. Various pulmonary and extrapulmonary causes are now recognized to exist separately from the idiopathic form of pulmonary hypertension. An imbalance in the presence of vasoconstrictors and(More)