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Arsenic (As) is a common pollutant, and still many questions remain concerning As toxicity mechanisms under environmentally relevant conditions in plants. Here we investigated thresholds and interactions of various proposed As toxicity mechanisms. Experiments were done under environmentally pertinent conditions in the rootless aquatic macrophyte(More)
Due to its extreme salinity and high Mg concentration the Dead Sea is characterized by a very low density of cells most of which are Archaea. We discovered several underwater fresh to brackish water springs in the Dead Sea harboring dense microbial communities. We provide the first characterization of these communities, discuss their possible origin,(More)
Toxicity and deficiency of essential trace elements like Cu are major global problems. Here, environmentally relevant sub-micromolar concentrations of Cu (supplied as CuSO4) and simulations of natural light- and temperature cycles were applied to the aquatic macrophyte Ceratophyllum demersum. Growth was optimal at 10nM Cu, while PSII activity (Fv/Fm) was(More)
In order to quantify and compare the uptake of aluminum oxide nanoparticles of three different sizes into two human cell lines (skin kerat-inocytes (HaCaT) and lung epithelial cells (A549)), three analytical methods were applied: digestion followed by nebulization inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (neb-ICP-MS), direct laser abla-tion ICP-MS(More)
Numerous articles have reported the occurrence of arsenic in drinking water in Argentina, and the resulting health effects in severely affected regions of the country. Arsenic in drinking water in Argentina is largely naturally occurring due to elevated background content of the metalloid in volcanic sediments, although, in some regions, mining can(More)
The extent and the mechanisms by which engineered nanoparticles (ENPs) are incorporated into biological tissues are a matter of intensive research. Therefore, laser ablation coupled to inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) is presented for the detection and visualization of engineered nanoparticles (Al2O3, Ag, and Au) in ecotoxicological(More)
[1] Klaus Schulten and Martin Karplus. On the origin of a low-lying forbidden transition in polyenes and related molecules. Possible influence of a low-lying " covalent " excited state on the absorption spectrum and photoisomerization of 11-cis retinal. Exact recursive evaluation of 3j-and 6j-coefficients for quantum-mechanical coupling of angular momenta.(More)
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