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Afferent connections of the two main areas in the telencephalon, the visual wulst and the ectostriatum, were traced in the zebra finch by injection of horseradish peroxidase and staining with tetramethylbenzidine (TMB). Nuclei projecting to the hyperstriatum accessorium (HA) or the HIS region (lamina hyperstriatica intercalatus superior) were: (1)(More)
The avian nucleus rotundus, a nucleus that appears to be homologous to the inferior/ caudal pulvinar of mammals, is the major target of an ascending retino-tecto-thalamic pathway. Further clarification of the inputs to the rotundus and their functional properties will contribute to our understanding of the fundamental role of the ascending tectal inputs to(More)
Although the optic nerve in birds crosses completely, visual information from the ipsilateral eye also reaches the ectostriatum, the telencephalic statibon of the tectofugal pathway, by recrossing fibers. These recrossing projections connect the contralateral tectum opticum with the ipsilateral nucleus rotundus, which in turn projects to the ectostriatum.(More)
The song of the zebra finch is facilitated and altered by the presence of a female. Thus, visual information should affect the song system of the bird. Visually evoked potentials can be recorded from n. hyperstriatum ventrale pars caudale (HVc). The long latency of this potential and its variability indicate several processing steps between primary sensory(More)
The tectofugal pathway in birds has been reported to process primarily information from the contralateral eye. Although this pathway has access to the contralateral hemisphere by various connections, electrophysiological recordings up to now have failed to demonstrate any excitatory influence of visual stimulation in the higher stations of this pathway.(More)
A stereotaxic headholder for small birds. BRAIN RES. BULL. 7(4) 43.5-436, 1981.-A stereotaxic headholder especially designed for small birds is described. The major advantage of the holder is its easy handling when mounting the bird to the apparatus, and better access to the visual field of the bird when compared with other frequently used headholders.(More)
In the visual cortex of four adult cats ocular dominance and orientation columns were visualized with (3H)proline and (14C)deoxyglucose autoradiography. The two columnar systems were reconstructed from serial horizontal sections or from flat-mount preparations and graphically superimposed. They share a number of characteristic features: In both systems the(More)
BACKGROUND The Radical-Pair-Model postulates that the reception of magnetic compass directions in birds is based on spin-chemical reactions in specialized photopigments in the eye, with cryptochromes discussed as candidate molecules. But so far, the exact subcellular characterization of these molecules in the retina remained unknown. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL(More)
Neuroanatomical studies including pathway tracing and cytochemical characterizations have suggested that the avian nucleus taeniae of the amygdala (TnA) might be homologous to a part of the mammalian medial amygdala. Recent behavioral observations in TnA-lesioned birds also reported deficits in the control of motivational aspects of behavior, advancing the(More)
The electrophysiological and morphological features of visually driven neurons of the stratum griseum centrale of the zebra finch optic tectum were studied by extracellular recording and staining techniques. Stratum griseum centrale neuron responses are sustained in most cases. Receptive fields are big, up to 150 degrees of the visual field. The excitatory(More)