Hans J Semmelrock

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OBJECTIVE To compare the effects of two different antibiotic regimes on the colonization and infection rates of critically ill pediatric patients. DESIGN A prospective randomized trial. SETTING A pediatric ICU in a university hospital. PATIENTS Fifty critically ill pediatric patients who required intensive care for at least 4 days were randomly(More)
BACKGROUND Frequent blood donations may lead to a depletion of body iron stores resulting in manifest anemia. Reticulocyte hemoglobin content (CHr) - a marker for impaired hemoglobinisation (IH) caused by functional iron deficiency (FID) - was investigated regarding its value as a routine screening parameter in frequent whole blood donors. METHODS In a(More)
Cyclosporin A (CyA) and its metabolites seem to have nephro-, hepato- and neurotoxic side effects. Immunosuppressive therapy is a narrow path between the risk of rejection by underimmunosuppression and toxic organ damage by overdosage. Thus CyA dosage must be calculated to avoid the risks of organ rejection through underdosage and toxic organ damage through(More)
The continuous administration of physiological doses of the branched-chain amino acids leucine, isoleucine, and valine (Leu-Ile-Val) to Yoshida sarcoma-bearing rats caused a significant increase in the survival time by 32% and a significant reduction of tumor size after 3 weeks of growth by 33%. The shift of the nitrogen balance to negative values during(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Vasoconstrictors (i.e., epinephrine) are routinely applied before functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS) but may have significant cardiac side effects. The controversy concerning clinical application of adrenaline is discussed. STUDY DESIGN In a prospectively controlled study of 51 patients undergoing FESS we evaluated the(More)
The pharmacokinetics of (S)-propranolol were compared after the oral administration of a 40 mg dose of the pure enantiomer and an 80 mg dose of a racemic mixture of (R,S)-propranolol. The results of this study indicate that the bioavailability of (S)-propranolol, as expressed by the mean area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) and maximum serum(More)
Elevated levels of homocyst(e)ine and infection by Chlamydia pneumoniae have been hypothesized individually to play a role in coronary artery disease (CAD), but the mechanisms are unclear. Data on a possible association are not available. We investigated the correlation between IgG antibody titers against C. pneumoniae and fasting plasma homocyst(e)ine in(More)
A cross-sectional study was performed to define patients at risk of developing liver disease due to long-term treatment with anticonvulsive drugs. The activities of gamma-glutamyltransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, and alanine aminotransferase and the concentrations of primidone, phenobarbital, phenytoin, and valproic acid in serum were estimated.(More)
A new centrifugal blood pump (Medtronic 1861), suitable as an extracorporeal left ventricular assisting device was tested in vitro with respect to its efficiency and haemolysis. Cannulation was carried out by applying the Zwart technique. Additionally, comparative investigations into haemolysis were performed by using the centrifugal pump and an occlusive(More)