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Inheritance of one defective BRCA2 allele predisposes humans to breast cancer. To establish a mouse model for BRCA2-associated breast cancer, we generated mouse conditional mutants with BRCA2 and/or p53 inactivated in various epithelial tissues, including mammary-gland epithelium. Although no tumors arose in mice carrying conditional Brca2 alleles, mammary(More)
BACKGROUND Histologic grade in breast cancer provides clinically important prognostic information. However, 30%-60% of tumors are classified as histologic grade 2. This grade is associated with an intermediate risk of recurrence and is thus not informative for clinical decision making. We examined whether histologic grade was associated with gene expression(More)
PURPOSE Currently, the local treatment of most patients with early invasive breast cancer consists of breast-conserving therapy (BCT). We have previously reported on the risk factors for ipsilateral breast relapse (IBR) in 1,026 patients treated with BCT after a median follow-up of 5.5 years. In the present study, we evaluated the IBR incidence and the risk(More)
This retrospective study evaluates several prognostic factors in 63 patients with invasive ductal breast cancer. Special attention is paid to the additional prognostic value of cellular DNA content to the previously developed and evaluated quantitative features mitotic activity index (MAI) and multivariate morphometric prognostic index (MPI). Follow-up was(More)
PURPOSE This study aimed to quantify the incidence and extension of microscopic disease around primary breast tumors in patients undergoing breast-conserving therapy (BCT), focusing on a potential application to reduce radiotherapy boost volumes. METHODS AND MATERIALS An extensive pathology tumor-distribution study was performed using 38 wide local(More)
The clinical, pathologic, and molecular features of pleomorphic lobular carcinoma in situ (PLCIS) and the relationship of PLCIS to classic LCIS (CLCIS) are poorly defined. In this study, we analyzed 31 cases of PLCIS (13 apocrine and 18 nonapocrine subtypes) and compared the clinical, pathologic, immunophenotypic, and genetic characteristics of these cases(More)
INTRODUCTION Breast cancer is a heterogeneous group of tumors, and can be subdivided on the basis of histopathological features, genetic alterations and gene-expression profiles. One well-defined subtype of breast cancer is characterized by a lack of HER2 gene amplification and estrogen and progesterone receptor expression ('triple-negative tumors'). We(More)
INTRODUCTION To tailor local treatment in breast cancer patients there is a need for predicting ipsilateral recurrences after breast-conserving therapy. After adequate treatment (excision with free margins and radiotherapy), young age and incompletely excised extensive intraductal component are predictors for local recurrence, but many local recurrences can(More)
The added prognostic value of cellular DNA content compared with single and combined morphometric factors and classical parameters such as tumor size, nodal status, histologic grade and estrogen receptor (ER) content was investigated in 225 consecutive breast-cancer patients with long follow-up. Of all features investigated, the MPI (multivariate prognostic(More)
PURPOSE Several risk factors for local recurrence of breast cancer after breast-conserving therapy (BCT) have been identified. The identification of additional risk factors would be very useful in guiding optimal therapy and also in improving understanding of the mechanisms underlying local recurrence. We used cDNA microarray analysis to identify gene(More)