Hans J M Hoogduin

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The in vivo assessment of axonal projections of the peripheral nervous system has been severely limited by the lack of noninvasive techniques. We examined whether MR diffusion tensor imaging with fiber tracking of the human median nerve is feasible. The median nerve was examined with a 3-T MRI scanner in wrists of three healthy volunteers and the wrist of a(More)
Recent animal studies at high field have shown that blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) contrast can be specific to the laminar vascular architecture of the cortex, by differences in its temporal dynamics in reference to cortical depth. In this study, we characterize the temporal dynamics of the hemodynamic response (HDR) across cortical depth in the human(More)
The characterisation of the extravascular (EV) contribution to the blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) effect is important for understanding the spatial specificity of BOLD contrast and for modelling approaches that aim to extract quantitative metabolic parameters from the BOLD signal. Using bipolar crusher gradients, total (b = 0 s/mm(2) ) and(More)
Blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is widely used to measure human brain function and relies on the assumption that hemodynamic changes mirror the underlying neuronal activity. However, an often reported saturation of the BOLD response at high movement rates has led to the notion of a mismatch in(More)
In vivo MRS of the human brain at 7 tesla allows identification of a large number of metabolites at higher spatial resolutions than currently possible at lower field strengths. However, several challenges complicate in vivo localization and artifact suppression in MRS at high spatial resolution within a clinically feasible scan time at 7 tesla. Published(More)
PURPOSE Owing to variability in vascular dynamics across cerebral cortex, blood-oxygenation-level-dependent (BOLD) spatial and temporal characteristics should vary as a function of cortical-depth. Here, the positive response, initial dip (ID), and post-stimulus undershoot (PSU) of the BOLD response in human visual cortex are investigated as a function of(More)
Imaging of the kidney using blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) presents a major opportunity to examine differences in tissue oxygenation within the cortex and medulla applicable to human disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate BOLD signals before and after treatment with RAS inhibitors in hypertensive chronic kidney(More)
Introduction Robust fat suppression is crucial for accurate evaluation of T2-weighted, post-contrast T1-weighted, and diffusion-weighted images. Nowadays, fat suppression is satisfactory in most of the cases. However, susceptibility induced field inhomogeneities as well as B1 inhomogeneity increases substantially with increasing field strength, which makes(More)
Chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) is a technique to indirectly detect pools of exchangeable protons through the water signal. To increase its applicability to human studies, it is needed to develop sensitive pulse sequences for rapidly acquiring whole-organ images while adhering to stringent amplifier duty cycle limitations and specific(More)
BACKGROUND The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) and the sympathetic nervous system are key factors in the pathophysiology of hypertension. Renal hypoxia is the putative mechanism stimulating both systems. Blood oxygen level-dependent MRI (BOLD-MRI) provides a noninvasive tool to determine renal oxygenation in humans. The aim of the current study(More)