Hans J. Gross

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The viroid of the potato spindle tuber disease (PSTV) is a covalently closed ring of 359 ribonucleotides. As a result of intramolecular base pairing, a serial arrangement of double-helical sections and internal loops form a unique rod-like secondary structure. PSTV is the first pathogen of a eukaryotic organism for which the complete molecular structure has(More)
Although the numerical abilities of many vertebrate species have been investigated in the scientific literature, there are few convincing accounts of invertebrate numerical competence. Honeybees, Apis mellifera, by virtue of their other impressive cognitive feats, are a prime candidate for investigations of this nature. We therefore used the(More)
Extracts of wheat germ contain an RNA ligase activity that catalyses the conversation of linear polyribonucleotides into covalently closed circles. The newly formed 3',5'-phosphodiester bridge is resistant to alkali and a number of ribonucleases. This unusual stability is due to the presence of a phosphoryl group esterified to the 2'-position of the(More)
There is a permanent and increasing interest in large amounts of RNAs synthesized in vitro by bacteriophage T7 RNA polymerase. Especially for physical studies, mg quantities of RNA are required and have in fact been synthesized (1, 2). In order to encounter the resulting demand for T7 polymerase, we have developed a simple purification scheme for mis(More)
Cleavage of phosphodiester bonds by small ribonuclease mimics within different bulge-loops of RNA was investigated. Bulge-loops of different size (1-7 nt) and sequence composition were formed in a 3' terminal fragment of influenza virus M2 RNA (96 nt) by hybridization of complementary oligodeoxynucleotides. Small bulges (up to 4 nt) were readily formed upon(More)
It has been reported that selenocysteine tRNA from bovine liver is completely edited to two isoacceptor species, called tRNA([Ser]SecNCA) and tRNA([Ser]SecCmCa), which differ from the gene sequence. We used direct tRNA sequencing, mobility shift analyses, primer extension, restriction enzyme digestion and single strand conformational polymorphism (SSCP)(More)
Correct recognition of transfer RNAs (tRNAs) by aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (aaRS) is crucial to the maintenance of translational fidelity. The discriminator base A73 in human tRNALeuis critical for its specific recognition by the aaRS. Exchanging A73 for G abolishes leucine acceptance and converts it into a serine acceptor in vitro . Two RNA microhelices of(More)
Pre-tRNAs(Val) were identified in unfractionated tRNA preparations from HeLa cells and human placenta and their 5' leader structures were deduced from the nucleotide sequences of the corresponding cDNAs. Several of these precursors can be assigned to nine out of the eleven members of the human tRNA(Val) gene family characterized so far, which demonstrates(More)
A high variability of RNase P RNA structures is seen among members of the Mycoplasma group. To gain further insight into the structure-function relations of this ribozyme, we have searched for the RNase P RNA gene from more distant relatives, the phytoplasmas. These mycoplasma-like organisms are the aetiological agents of many severe plant diseases. We(More)
In the first decade of the 20th century, a horse named Hans drew worldwide attention in Berlin as the first and most famous "speaking" and thinking animal. Hans solved calculations by tapping numbers or letters with his hoof in order to answer questions. Later on, it turned out that the horse was able to give the correct answer by reading the microscopic(More)