Hans Jürgen Hecht

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We report the first atomic resolution structure of an animal virus, human rhinovirus 14. It is strikingly similar to known icosahedral plant RNA viruses. Four neutralizing immunogenic regions have been identified. These, and corresponding antigenic sequences of polio and foot-and-mouth disease viruses, reside on external protrusions. A large cleft on each(More)
Glucose oxidase (beta-D-glucose: oxygen 1-oxidoreductase, EC 1.1.3.4) is an FAD-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of beta-D-glucose by molecular oxygen. The crystal structure of the partially deglycosylated enzyme from Aspergillus niger has been determined by isomorphous replacement and refined to 2.3 A resolution. The final crystallographic(More)
Glucose oxidase is a flavin-dependent enzyme which catalyses the oxidation of beta-D-glucose by molecular oxygen to delta-gluconolactone and hydrogen peroxide. The structure of the enzyme from Aspergillus niger, previously refined at 2.3 A resolution, has been refined at 1.9 A resolution to an R value of 19.0%, and the structure of the enzyme from(More)
The complete amino acid sequence of glucose oxidase from Penicillium amagasakiense was determined by Edman degradation and mass spectrometry of peptide fragments derived from three different specific proteolytic digests and a cyanogen bromide cleavage. The complete sequence of each monomer comprises 587 amino acid residues, contains three cysteine residues,(More)
Glucose oxidase from Aspergillus niger was purified to homogeneity by hydrophobic interaction and ion-exchange chromatography. Approx. 95% of the carbohydrate moiety was cleaved from the protein by incubation of glucose oxidase with endoglycosidase H and alpha-mannosidase. Cleavage of the carbohydrate moiety effected a 24-30% decrease in the molecular(More)
The molybdenum cofactor (Moco) consists of a unique and conserved pterin derivative, usually referred to as molybdopterin (MPT), which coordinates the essential transition metal molybdenum (Mo). Moco is required for the enzymatic activities of all Mo-enzymes, with the exception of nitrogenase and is synthesized by an evolutionary old multi-step pathway that(More)
2,3-Dihydroxybiphenyl 1,2-dioxygenase, an enzyme of the biphenyl biodegradation pathway that cleaves the first of the aromatic rings, was purified to apparent homogeneity from Pseudomonas sp. strain LB400 that had been engineered to hyperexpress the bphC gene. The enzyme had a subunit molecular mass of 33.2 kDa as determined by SDS-polyacrylamide(More)
The structures of cofactor-free haloperoxidases from Streptomyces aureofaciens, Streptomyces lividans, and Pseudomonas fluorescens have been determined at resolutions between 1.9 A and 1.5 A. The structures of two enzymes complexed with benzoate or propionate identify the binding site for the organic acids which are required for the haloperoxidase activity.(More)
The crystal structure of a lipase from the bacterium Chromobacterium viscosum ATCC 6918 (CVL) has been determined by isomorphous replacement and refined at 1.6 angstroms resolution to an R-factor of 17.8%. The lipase has the overall topology of an alpha/beta type protein, which was also found for previously determined lipase structures. The catalytic triad(More)
BACKGROUND . The interfacial activation of lipases results primarily from conformational changes in the enzymes which expose the active site and provide a hydrophobic surface for interaction with the lipid substrate. Comparison of the crystallization conditions used and the structures observed for a variety of lipases suggests that the enzyme conformation(More)