Hans Hsien-Chuan Chen

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X-ray crystal structures of carbonic anhydrase II (CAII) complexed with sulfonamide inhibitors illuminate the structural determinants of high affinity binding in the nanomolar regime. The primary binding interaction is the coordination of a primary sulfonamide group to the active site zinc ion. Secondary interactions fine-tune tight binding in regions of(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa Exotoxin A (PEA) induces hepatotoxicity in experimental animals. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) interacts synergistically with xenotoxics to induce severe organ injury. We examined the combination of non-injurious doses of LPS and sub-hepatotoxic PEA in the induction of multiple organ injury (MOI). Rats treated with 20 or 40 microg/kg LPS(More)
Epidemiological investigations suggest that increased age is associated with susceptibility to infection. Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) infection and associated exotoxin A (PEA) toxicity have been reported in hospitalized elderly patients and young children with cystic fibrosis. The present study investigated age-related differences in PEA-induced(More)
CONTEXT Liver injury can be induced by various hepatotoxicants, including Pseudomonas aeruginosa exotoxin A (PEA). Our previous study indicated that PEA-induced rat hepatotoxicity was T cells and Kupffer cells dependent. Several reports have demonstrated that non-toxic doses of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) can protect liver against the(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa exotoxin A (PEA) has been generally used to induce liver injury in mice for experimental study. No PEA-induced hepatotoxicity study has ever been conducted in rats, although rats are the most common rodents used in toxicologic bioassay and pharmacological evaluation. The present study was conducted in male Wistar rats that were(More)
Novel non-chiral 2H-thieno[3,2-e]- and [2,3-e]-1,2-thiazine-6-sulfonamide 1,1-dioxides were synthesized for evaluation as potential candidates for the treatment of glaucoma. All of the compounds prepared were potent high affinity inhibitors of human carbonic anhydrase II, Ki < 0.5 nM. Additionally, inhibition of recombinant human carbonic anhydrase IV was(More)
The present study investigated the effect of different bacterial species lipopolysaccharide plus Pseudomonas exotoxin A (LPS/PEA) on the induction of multiple organ injury (MOI). Rats were injected with various LPS from Salmonella (SAE, SAT), E. coli (EB4, EB5), or P. aeruginosa (PAL) and PEA showed a greater mortality in the SAE/PEA and SAT/PEA groups.(More)
We described previous that the adrenal medulla recovers rapidly from the injuries due to salinomycin. In the present study we found the recovery to be apparently due to differentiation of pre-existing, primitive undifferentiated, chromaffin cells, rather than mitosis, as evidenced by lack of incorporation of 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine in the differentiating(More)
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