Hans Hermann Schmid

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Endogenous cannabinoid receptor ligands (endocannabinoids) may rescue neurons from glutamate excitotoxicity. As these substances also accumulate in cultured immature neurons following neuronal damage, elevated endocannabinoid concentrations may be interpreted as a putative neuroprotective response. However, it is not known how glutamatergic insults affect(More)
The endogenous cannabinoid receptor agonist anandamide is present in central and peripheral tissues. As the kidney contains both the amidase that degrades anandamide and transcripts for anandamide receptors, we characterized the molecular components of the anandamide signaling system and the vascular effects of exogenous anandamide in the kidney. We show(More)
Anandamide (N-arachidonoylethanolamine) is an endogenous ligand for both the brain-type (CB1-R) and spleen-type (CB2-R) cannabinoid receptors. This investigation demonstrates that the periimplantation mouse uterus contains the highest levels of anandamide (142-1345 pmol/micromol lipid P; 1-7 microg/g wet weight) yet discovered in a mammalian tissue. The(More)
The endocannabinoid signaling system is believed to play a down-regulatory role in the control of cell functions. However, little is known about the factors activating endocannabinoid synthesis and which of two known endocannabinoids, 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) or N-arachidonoylethanolamine (20:4n-6 NAE, anandamide), is of physiological importance. We(More)
We have investigated oxidant-mediated stimulation of phospholipase D (PLD) activity in bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells (BPAEC), prelabeled with [32P]orthophosphate or [32P]lysophospholipids. Treatment of cells incubated in Hanks' balanced salt solution (HBSS) containing 0.5% ethanol with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) or linoleic acid hydroperoxide(More)
The mechanisms by which synchronized embryonic development to the blastocyst stage, preparation of the uterus for the receptive state, and reciprocal embryo-uterine interactions for implantation are coordinated are still unclear. We show in this study that preimplantation embryo development became asynchronous in mice that are deficient in brain-type (CB1)(More)
Rat heart contains a membrane-bound phosphodiesterase of the phospholipase D type which catalyzes the hydrolysis of 1,2-diacyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho(N-acyl)ethanolamine to N-acylethanolamine and phosphatidic acid. The enzyme also hydrolyzes the corresponding alkenylacylglycerophospho(N-acyl)ethanolamine and N-acylethanolamine lysophospholipids but not(More)
Long-chain N-acylethanolamines (NAEs) elicit a variety of biological and pharmacological effects. Anandamide (20:4n-6 NAE) and other polyunsaturated NAEs bind to the cannabinoid receptor and may thus serve as highly specific lipid mediators of cell signalling. NAEs can be formed by phospholipase D-catalyzed hydrolysis of N-acylethanolamine phospholipids or(More)
N- Acylphosphatidylethanolamine , incubated with dog brain homogenate or microsomes, was hydrolyzed to phosphatidic acid and N-acylethanolamine by a phosphodiesterase of the phospholipase D type. In the absence of F-, phosphatidic acid was further hydrolyzed to diacylglycerol and Pi while N-acylethanolamine was hydrolyzed by an amidase to fatty acid and(More)