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BACKGROUND Increased sympathetic nerve activity may contribute to the progression of renovascular hypertension. Because previous results have been inconclusive, we investigated whether renovascular hypertensives show increased total and regional sympathetic nerve activity. METHODS AND RESULTS Sixty-five patients underwent renal angiography and(More)
MRL lpr/lpr (MRL/l) mice exhibit a disease similar to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in humans. To investigate the influence of antihypertensive treatment on this disease, four groups of MRL/l mice were treated with the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor captopril (n = 25), with the sympathetic blocker bretylium (n = 15), and with cyclophosphamide(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the acute effects of the superoxide dismutase mimetic 4-hydroxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl (tempol) on split kidney function, and renal haemodynamics, in two-kidney, one-clip (2K1C) hypertensive rats. METHODS Three weeks after clipping, or the sham procedure, the effects of intravenous tempol (200 micromol/kg per h) were(More)
BACKGROUND Renovascular hypertension is the most common form of curable secondary hypertension and, if untreated, may lead to end-stage kidney disease. Given that renal function and hypertension may improve after renal angioplasty, it is pertinent to identify patients with renal artery stenosis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate both duplex(More)
The effects of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition with captopril were investigated in patients with diabetic nephropathy and hypertension. After nine days' treatment with captopril glomerular filtration rate was unchanged in 13 patients, whereas renal plasma flow had increased from 265 to 302 ml/min/1.73 m2 body surface area (p less than 0.05) and the(More)
PURPOSE Bone material content was studied with single photon absorptiometry and dual energy x-ray absorptiometry , and the various biochemical parameters related to bone metabolism in patients with Kock reservoirs or Bricker conduits for urinary diversion. MATERIALS AND METHODS We examined 34 patients with Kock ileal reservoirs to the skin (29) or urethra(More)
Desmeules M et al. Hemodialysis versus peritoneal dialysis: a comparison of adjusted mortality rates. hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis (abstract). A multicenter, selection-adjusted comparison of patient and technique survivals on cause of death between patients treated with hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Why are reported relative mortality risks(More)
1. The pharmacokinetics of felodipine and its effects on blood pressure and heart rate were studied in eight male patients aged between 28 and 57 years with a glomerular filtration rate, GFR, between 8 and 68 ml min-1, following single i.v. and oral administration. 2. Clearance, Cmax, AUC, Vss and V, of felodipine were unaffected by the renal disease. The(More)
The MRL/1 and New Zealand black-New Zealand white cross (NZB x W) mice spontaneously develop a disease similar to systemic lupus erythematosus in man. The effect of antihypertensive treatment on MRL/1 and NZB x W mice was studied with respect to survival, blood pressure, proteinuria, haematuria and renal histopathology. The treatment consisted of(More)
BACKGROUND The renoprotective effect of ACE inhibition in chronic renal disease is well established but the studies on effects of calcium antagonists on progression of renal disease and on proteinuria have given varying results. METHODS We conducted an open long-term randomized prospective multi-centre study comparing the combination of ramipril and(More)