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PURPOSE Topiramate (TPM) is a novel drug with broad antiepileptic effect in children and adults. In vitro studies suggest activity as sodium-channel blocker, as gamma-aminobutyric acid type A (GABAA)-receptor agonist and as non-N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-glutamate receptor antagonist. METHODS With transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), we evaluated(More)
BACKGROUND To our knowledge, verum acupuncture has never been directly compared with sham acupuncture and guideline-based conventional therapy in patients with chronic low back pain. METHODS A patient- and observer-blinded randomized controlled trial conducted in Germany involving 340 outpatient practices, including 1162 patients aged 18 to 86 years (mean(More)
PURPOSE Levetiracetam (LEV) is a new compound with anticonvulsive efficacy in focal and generalized epilepsies. Recent in vitro studies suggest LEV to act as a selective N-type-calcium-channel blocker. METHODS We used transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in order to investigate if ion-channel blockade is relevant to the inhibitory CNS effects of LEV in(More)
The neuroradiologic observations on a case of growing giant intracranial aneurysm originating from a small saccular aneurysm are described in detail. The reports in the literature of growing giant aneurysms are reviewed. The computed tomographic and angiographic findings are described and special diagnostic difficulties analyzed. A correlation between the(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the predictive value of intraoperative electro-corticography (ECoG) in patients with unilateral hippocampal sclerosis (HS) undergoing transsylvian selective amygdalohippocampectomy (sAHE). ECoG was recorded before and after resection in 22 patients with medication-resistant mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. The sAHE(More)
Amantadine-sulfate has been used for several decades to treat acute influenza A, Parkinson's disease (PD), and acute or chronic drug-induced dyskinesia. Several mechanisms of actions detected in vivo/in vitro including N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-receptor antagonism, blockage of potassium channels, dopamine receptor agonism, enhancement of noradrenergic(More)
In clinical trials with t-distributed test statistics the required sample size depends on the unknown variance. Taking estimates from previous studies often leads to a misspecification of the true value of the variance. Hence, re-estimation of the variance based on the collected data and re-calculation of the required sample size is attractive. We present a(More)
During a six-year (1986-1992) 334 patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) were admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery. Medical University of Lübeck, Germany. In 281 patients the SAH was caused by rupture of an intracranial arterial aneurysm, verified by angiography, postmortem examination, or at emergency operation without angiography. In 67 (23.8%)(More)
BACKGROUND Somatostatin analogs have been shown to control the growth of well-differentiated metastatic neuroendocrine tumors. Their effect on overall survival is a matter of debate. We analyzed the prognostic significance of early treatment with octreotide LAR and of hepatic tumor load in the PROMID trial cohort. PATIENTS AND METHODS Between 2001 and(More)
BACKGROUND The ability of an evoked motor response (EMR) with nerve stimulation to detect intraneural needle placement reliably at low current intensity has recently been challenged. In this study, we hypothesized that current intensity is higher in needle-nerve contact than in intraneural needle placement. METHODS Brachial plexus nerves were exposed(More)