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Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) BW 625 and BW 704, of the IgG3 isotype, bound to immunochemically indistinguishable epitopes on ganglioside II3(Neu-Ac)2-GgOse3-Cer. Despite this fact the mAbs showed a differential binding pattern on human glioma cell lines i.e. immunohistochemical data indicate that the detected epitopes are not identical. Furthermore, either(More)
The murine monoclonal antibody (MAb) BW 494 was characterized in relation to its tissue specificity, the epitope recognized, in vitro and in vivo radiolocalization and its potential to mediate antibody dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) and complement mediated cytolysis (CMC). The MAb defined carbohydrate epitope located on a greater than 200 k daltons(More)
Spontaneous isotype switch variants from IgG1 to IgG2a of monoclonal antibody (MAb) BW 494 were generated. Their frequency was found to be 1 variant cell out of 2 X 10(5) parental hybrid cells. The tissue specificity of the parental MAb BW 494 IgG1 was identical to that of the BW 494 IgG2a variant arguing for an unaltered paratope shared by the parent and(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown that polyhydroxylated flavonoids such as quercetin and genistein can inhibit tumor cell growth in vitro, and preliminary in vivo studies of the flavone L86-8275 have shown growth inhibition of LX529 and A549 lung carcinomas. L86-8275 [(-)cis-5,7-dihydroxy-2-(2-chlorophenyl)-8[4-(3-hydroxy-1-methyl)-(More)
Endoglin/CD105 is a membrane protein involved in the TGF-beta receptor signalling pathway. Endoglin expression has been reported to be selective for a few cell types, in particular endothelial cells, although a number of conflicting reports have been published. In this study, we performed a detailed analysis of endoglin expression in human lung tumors and(More)
Enzymatically active Vibrio cholerae neuraminidase (VCN) acts as an adjuvant when it is combined with an antigen. This has been demonstrated for bacterial, viral, protein, and cellular antigens and was found for the humoral, but more pronounced for the cellular immune response. In this study, the adjuvant activity of VCN for live BCG is discussed. Live BCG(More)
Flavopiridol is a new synthetic flavone, structurally related to a natural alkaloid, originally purified from Dysoxylum binectariferum, a plant indigenous to India and used in Indian folk medicine. Flavopiridol was detected by a tandem screening system consisting in inhibition of the EGF-receptor Tyrosine phosphokinase and cytotoxicity. As a cytostatic(More)
The most essential kinases involved in cell membrane receptor activation, signal transduction and cell cycle control or programmed cell death and their interconnections are reviewed. In tumours, the genes of many of those kinases are mutated or amplified or the proteins are overexpressed. The use of key kinases offers the possibility to screen in vitro for(More)
Flavopiridol inhibits phosphokinases. Its activity is strongest on cyclin dependent kinases (cdk-1, -2, -4, -6, -7) and less on receptor tyrosine kinases (EGFR), receptor associates tyrosine kinases (pp60 Src) and on signal transducing kinases (PKC and Erk-1). Although the inhibiting activity of flavopiridol is strongest for cdk, the cytotoxic activity of(More)
Targeting cancer gene therapy to endothelial cells seems to be a rational approach, because (a) a clear correlation exists between proliferation of tumor vessels and tumor growth and malignancy, (b) differences of cell membrane structures between tumor endothelial cells and normal endothelial cells exist which could be used for targeting of vectors and (c)(More)