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PURPOSE Salvage chemotherapy followed by high-dose therapy and autologous stem-cell transplantation (ASCT) is the standard treatment for relapsed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Salvage regimens have never been compared; their efficacy in the rituximab era is unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with CD20(+) DLBCL in first relapse or who were(More)
Unilateral hypoxia-ischemia (HI) was induced in C57/BL6 male mice on postnatal day (P) 5, 9, 21 and 60, corresponding developmentally to premature, term, juvenile and adult human brains, respectively. HI duration was adjusted to obtain a similar extent of brain injury at all ages. Apoptotic mechanisms (nuclear translocation of apoptosis-inducing factor,(More)
The relative contributions of apoptosis and necrosis in brain injury have been a matter of much debate. Caspase-3 has been identified as a key protease in the execution of apoptosis, whereas calpains have mainly been implicated in excitotoxic neuronal injury. In a model of unilateral hypoxia-ischemia in 7-day-old rats, caspase-3-like activity increased(More)
Brain ischemia was induced for 10 or 30 min by clamping the common carotid arteries in rabbits whose vertebral arteries had previously been electrocauterized. EEG and tissue content of high energy phosphates were used to verify the ischemic state and to evaluate the degree of postischemic recovery. Extracellular levels and total contents of amino acids were(More)
The effect of hypoxia-ischemia (HI) on IL-1, and IL-6 bioactivity in relation to expression of IL-1 alpha, IL-1 beta, and IL-6 mRNA was studied, and the neuroprotective efficacy of IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) was evaluated in neonatal rats. HI was induced in 7-d-old rats by unilateral carotid artery ligation and hypoxia for 70-100 min. Animals were(More)
In a model of cerebral hypoxia-ischemia in the immature rat, widespread brain injury is produced in the ipsilateral hemisphere, whereas the contralateral hemisphere is left undamaged. Previously, we found that calpains were equally translocated to cellular membranes (a prerequisite for protease activation) in the ipsilateral and contralateral hemispheres.(More)
Caspase-3 is a major effector protease in several apoptotic pathways, but its role in hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain injury is incompletely understood. Cerebral HI was induced in 7-day-old rats by unilateral carotid artery ligation and exposure to 7.7% oxygen for 55 min. Caspase-3-like activity was significantly increased at 1 h (208%), peaked at 24 h (2,563%)(More)
Hypoxia-ischemia induces an inflammatory response in the immature central nervous system that may be important for development of brain injury. Recent data implicate that chemoattractant cytokines, chemokines, are involved in the recruitment of immune cells. The aim was to study alpha- and beta-chemokines in relation to the temporal activation of(More)
A recently developed enzyme assay, utilizing [125I]-iododeoxyuridine as substrate, and capable of detecting normal levels of serum deoxythymidine kinase (s-dTk), was used in an investigation of sera from 155 untreated patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). The patients were classified at the discovery of disease, both according to spread (stages I-IV(More)
PURPOSE To determine, in a randomized clinical trial, whether high-dose therapy (HDT) followed by autologous stem-cell transplantation is more effective than standard treatment with regard to progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in patients with relapsed follicular non-Hodgkin's lymphoma; and to assess the additional value of B-cell(More)