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The mechanism of estrogen-induced and -dependent kidney carcinogenesis in Syrian hamsters and the cell of origin of the tumor are not well understood; they have been investigated in this study by mapping the cellular locations of estrogen receptor (ER) in estrogen-dependent tumors, in kidney tissue of hamsters treated with estradiol for 0.5 and 5.5 months,(More)
Systematic studies of the sequence of cellular changes during hepatocarcinogenesis induced predominantly in rats by stop experiments with N-nitrosomorpholine (NNM) led to the following main results and conclusions: The development of hepatocellular tumors is preceded by a multifocal hepatic glycogen storage disease (glycogenosis). Cytomorphological and(More)
Renal tubular lesions induced in male rats by two different carcinogens, N-nitrosomorpholine (NNM) and N-ethyl-N-hydroxyethylnitrosamine (EHEN), using a limited exposure "stop" protocol were investigated histochemically to demonstrate phenotypic cellular changes. The parameters measured included basophilia, glycogen content and the activity of the enzymes(More)
In rats treated orally with a single dose of aflatoxin B1 (5 mg/kg body weight) characteristic focal and nodular liver lesions developed which differed in their fine structure, enzyme histochemical pattern and growth behaviour from other types of carcinogen-induced hepatic foci and nodules described earlier. The foci were composed of a distinct cell(More)
Interactive hepadnaviral and chemical hepatocarcinogenesis was studied in woodchucks inoculated as newborns with woodchuck hepatitis virus (WHV), which is closely related to the human hepatitis B virus. When the woodchucks reached 12 months of age, aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) was administered in the diet at dose levels of 40 micrograms/kg body weight/day for 4(More)
Rats received a choline-deficient diet containing 0.1% (w/w) DL-ethionine (CDE) for 4, 10, 14 or 22 weeks. A separate group was treated for 4 weeks with CDE and then received a normal diet for 4 weeks. The L and M2 isoenzymes of pyruvate kinase were immunocytochemically demonstrated in liver sections. L-PK expression was strongly reduced in the hepatocytes(More)
The thyroid hormone 3,5,3'-triiodo-L-thyronine (T3) is a strong direct hepatocyte mitogen in vivo. The effects of T3 resemble those of peroxisome proliferators, which are known to induce hepatocellular tumors in rats. With the aim of studying long-term local effects of thyroid hormones on liver parenchyma, small pieces of thyroid tissue were transplanted(More)
Chronic administration of the estrogen 17 beta-estradiol induces kidney tumors in male Syrian hamsters within 6 months of initial exposure. Although these tumors have previously been studied histologically and histochemically and have been postulated to be derived from proximal tubular and/or interstitial cells, there exists no unambiguous evidence for an(More)
The influence of sodium phenobarbital (PB) treatment on the sequence of N-nitrosomorpholine (NNM) induced focal preneoplastic lesions in the rat liver was investigated using a combined morphological and enzyme histochemical approach. Quantitative assessment of the different types of foci of altered hepatocytes visible in H&E sections after carcinogen(More)
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major cause of liver disease. Only interferon-alpha and the nucleosidic inhibitors of the viral polymerase, 3TC and adefovir, are approved for therapy. However, these therapies are limited by the side effects of interferon and the substantial resistance of the virus to nucleosidic inhibitors. Potent new(More)