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Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major cause of liver disease. Only interferon-alpha and the nucleosidic inhibitors of the viral polymerase, 3TC and adefovir, are approved for therapy. However, these therapies are limited by the side effects of interferon and the substantial resistance of the virus to nucleosidic inhibitors. Potent new(More)
Renal tubular lesions induced in male rats by two different carcinogens, N-nitrosomorpholine (NNM) and N-ethyl-N-hydroxyethylnitrosamine (EHEN), using a limited exposure "stop" protocol were investigated histochemically to demonstrate phenotypic cellular changes. The parameters measured included basophilia, glycogen content and the activity of the enzymes(More)
Detection of disseminated leukemia within organ is often very difficult and might lead to underestimation of the metastatic load. Therefore, we transduced the mouse ESb T lymphoma with the bacterial lacZ gene, which allowed us to follow metastasis at the single cell level. Intradermal primary tumor growth of lacZ transduced ESbL cells (L-CI.5s) comprised(More)
The livers from a total of 51 Sprague-Dawley rats treated with different doses of N-nitrosomorpholine (80-120 mg/l in the drinking water) for up to 14 weeks together with the livers of 28 control animals were histochemically investigated at the cessation of carcinogenic insult and at varying periods thereafter for their glycogen content, basophilia and(More)
Interactive hepadnaviral and chemical hepatocarcinogenesis was studied in woodchucks inoculated as newborns with woodchuck hepatitis virus (WHV), which is closely related to the human hepatitis B virus. When the woodchucks reached 12 months of age, aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) was administered in the diet at dose levels of 40 micrograms/kg body weight/day for 4(More)
Systematic studies of the sequence of cellular changes during hepatocarcinogenesis induced predominantly in rats by stop experiments with N-nitrosomorpholine (NNM) led to the following main results and conclusions: The development of hepatocellular tumors is preceded by a multifocal hepatic glycogen storage disease (glycogenosis). Cytomorphological and(More)
Chronic infection of woodchucks with woodchuck hepatitis virus (WHV) was associated with the development of hepatitis, foci of altered hepatocytes and hepatocellular adenomas and carcinomas. The cytomorphological and cytochemical analysis permitted the identification of three different types of focal lesions; namely, glycogen-storage foci, mixed-cell foci(More)
Systematic studies of the sequence of cellular changes during renal carcinogenesis induced in rats by stop experiments with N-nitrosomorpholine or streptozotocin and of human renal cell carcinomas led to the following main results and conclusions: All types of epithelial kidney tumors known from human pathology, namely clear-cell, acidophilic (granular),(More)