Hans H. P. Kluge

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This article assesses whether social franchising of tuberculosis (TB) services in Myanmar has succeeded in providing quality treatment while ensuring equity in access and financial protection for poor patients. Newly diagnosed TB patients receiving treatment from private general practitioners (GPs) belonging to the franchise were identified. They were(More)
The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the European Respiratory Society (ERS) jointly developed European Union Standards for Tuberculosis Care (ESTC) aimed at providing European Union (EU)-tailored standards for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of tuberculosis (TB). The International Standards for TB Care (ISTC) were(More)
SETTING AND METHODS In Orel, high tuberculosis (TB) case fatality rates have persisted despite successful implementation of the World Health Organization (WHO) global TB control strategy. We conducted a case control study to identify risk factors for mortality among Orel TB patients reported from October 1999 through June 2001. Cases were patients who died(More)
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) threatens the progress of global control efforts. Prisons represent a high risk setting for development and transmission of MDR-TB. In a Siberian TB referral prison (Kemerovo region), the treatment failure rate is 35% (June 1996-March 1997), despite implementation of a strict DOTS program and use of the World Health(More)
To provide an overview of the tuberculosis (TB) and multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in the WHO European Region and evolution of public health response with focus on extra-pulmonary tuberculosis and Pott’s disease. Authors reviewed regional strategic documents related to TB. The epidemiologic data were reviewed and analyzed. In the absence of(More)
T he recently published World Health Organization (WHO) 2011 Global Report [1] provides important new information on the status of the tuberculosis (TB) epidemic and better estimates are now available on different indicators of TB control. These were possible thanks to new methodologies used to measure the disease, producing more precise figures on(More)
SETTING Orel, Russia. OBJECTIVE To evaluate outcomes of tuberculosis (TB) patients treated in the first year of a TB control demonstration project using a revised strategy of directly observed treatment, short-course (DOTS). Standard methods recommended by World Health Organization (WHO) were adapted to include mycobacterial cultures. DESIGN(More)
SETTING Orel Oblast, Russian Federation. OBJECTIVES To determine baseline levels of anti-tuberculosis drug resistance in Orel Oblast. DESIGN Drug susceptibility testing (DST) records from 1 July 1999 to 30 June 2000 for patients with sputum acid-fast bacilli smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis were reviewed. Treatment and incarceration status were(More)
Orel oblast, Russia, is the site of a WHO demonstration project for tuberculosis control. We used data acquired by the Center for Prevention of AIDS and Infectious Diseases to show that, in this region, the seroprevalence of HIV-1 infection has increased 33-fold in 4 years. The rapid spread of HIV-1 in Russia has serious implications for control of(More)