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Colitis-associated cancer (CAC) is a major complication of inflammatory bowel diseases. We show that components of the inflammasome are protective during acute and recurring colitis and CAC in the dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) and azoxymethane + DSS models. Mice lacking the inflammasome adaptor protein PYCARD (ASC) and caspase-1 demonstrate increased disease(More)
In vitro data suggest that a subgroup of NLR proteins, including NLRP12, inhibits the transcription factor NF-κB, although physiologic and disease-relevant evidence is largely missing. Dysregulated NF-κB activity is associated with colonic inflammation and cancer, and we found Nlrp12(-/-) mice were highly susceptible to colitis and colitis-associated colon(More)
AIM Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) based colonography represents a new imaging tool which has mainly been investigated for polyp screening. To evaluate this approach for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), we compared MRI based colonography with conventional colonoscopy for assessing the presence and extent of colonic inflammation. PATIENTS(More)
The advent of biological therapy has revolutionized inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) care. Nonetheless, not all patients require biological therapy. Selection of patients depends on clinical characteristics, previous response to other medical therapy, and comorbid conditions. Availability, reimbursement guidelines, and patient preferences guide the choice(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) might be at increased risk for certain malignancies. We evaluated the risk of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) in patients with IBD and determined how immunosuppressive and biologic medications affect this risk. METHODS We performed retrospective cohort and nested case-control studies by(More)
It is well established that the intestinal microbiota plays a key role in the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) collectively referred to as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Epidemiological studies have provided strong evidence that IBD patients bear increased risk for the development of colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The chemokine MCP-1 is thought to be important for the recruitment of mononuclear cells and the maintenance of inflammation in inflammatory bowel disease. We investigated whether MCP-1 protein expression is correlated with the degree of mucosal inflammation in patients with Crohn's disease. Furthermore, we studied whether a functional(More)
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the NOD2/CARD15 gene resulting in a diminished nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) response to bacterial cell wall products have been associated with an increased incidence of Crohn disease. To assess a possible contribution of NOD2/CARD15 mutations to graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) and complications following(More)
BACKGROUND The Vienna classification of Crohn's disease (CD) subdivides patients according to their age at diagnosis (A), disease location (L), and disease behavior (B). AIM The aim of this study was to test whether perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (pANCAs) or anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibodies (ASCAs) correlate to subtypes of CD(More)
To assess the role of NOD2/CARD15 variants on the long-term outcome of allogeneic stem cell transplantation in a genetically homogeneous group, we extended our previous study (cohort I, n = 78) and typed DNA for NOD2/CARD15 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from an additional 225 recipients and their HLA-identical sibling donors (cohort II) treated at(More)