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In vitro data suggest that a subgroup of NLR proteins, including NLRP12, inhibits the transcription factor NF-κB, although physiologic and disease-relevant evidence is largely missing. Dysregulated NF-κB activity is associated with colonic inflammation and cancer, and we found Nlrp12(-/-) mice were highly susceptible to colitis and colitis-associated colon(More)
Colitis-associated cancer (CAC) is a major complication of inflammatory bowel diseases. We show that components of the inflammasome are protective during acute and recurring colitis and CAC in the dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) and azoxymethane + DSS models. Mice lacking the inflammasome adaptor protein PYCARD (ASC) and caspase-1 demonstrate increased disease(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Bacterial wall products play an important role in the activation of immune and nonimmune cells of the intestinal mucosa. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) TLR2 and TLR4 have been identified as signaling receptors activated by bacterial wall components. METHODS Expression of TLRs in human intestinal mucosa obtained by endoscopy and surgery was(More)
The advent of biological therapy has revolutionized inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) care. Nonetheless, not all patients require biological therapy. Selection of patients depends on clinical characteristics, previous response to other medical therapy, and comorbid conditions. Availability, reimbursement guidelines, and patient preferences guide the choice(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The human multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1) gene product P-glycoprotein is highly expressed in intestinal epithelial cells, where it constitutes a barrier against xenobiotics. The finding that mdr1a knockout mice develop a form of colitis that is similar to ulcerative colitis, which can be prevented by antibiotics, indicates a barrier function(More)
AIM Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) based colonography represents a new imaging tool which has mainly been investigated for polyp screening. To evaluate this approach for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), we compared MRI based colonography with conventional colonoscopy for assessing the presence and extent of colonic inflammation. PATIENTS(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental studies have shown that luminal antigens are involved in chronic intestinal inflammatory disorders such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Alteration of the intestinal microflora by antibiotic or probiotic therapy may induce and maintain remission. The aim of this randomized, placebo-controlled trial was to determine the(More)
BACKGROUND Azathioprine (aza) therapy is beneficial in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease, but 10%-30% of patients cannot tolerate aza therapy because of adverse drug reactions. Thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT) deficiency predisposes to myelotoxicity, but its association with other side effects is less clear. Inosine triphosphatase (ITPA)(More)
Genomic structure, promoter region, amino acid sequence and exon-specific primer combinations of the human omentin gene are presented. Omentin mRNA expression differs between omental adipose tissue probes from patients with chronic inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn's disease. Sequence comparisons revealed a 100% identity of omentin with human(More)