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Colitis-associated cancer (CAC) is a major complication of inflammatory bowel diseases. We show that components of the inflammasome are protective during acute and recurring colitis and CAC in the dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) and azoxymethane + DSS models. Mice lacking the inflammasome adaptor protein PYCARD (ASC) and caspase-1 demonstrate increased disease(More)
It is well established that the intestinal microbiota plays a key role in the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) collectively referred to as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Epidemiological studies have provided strong evidence that IBD patients bear increased risk for the development of colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the(More)
Aim: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) based colonography represents a new imaging tool which has mainly been investigated for polyp screening. To evaluate this approach for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), we compared MRI based colonography with conventional colonoscopy for assessing the presence and extent of colonic inflammation. Patients(More)
Activation of alloreactive T cells by APCs such as dendritic cells (DC) has been implicated as crucial step in transplant rejection. In contrast, it has been proposed that macrophages (Mphi) maintain tolerance toward alloantigens. It was therefore the aim of this study to further analyze the T cell-stimulatory capacity of mature DC and Mphi in vitro using(More)
In inflammatory diseases such as Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), one would expect that TNF or IL-6 stimulates the hypothalamus, which activates the hypothalamus-autonomic nervous system (HANS) axis and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis in a parallel fashion. The study was initiated in order to investigate the parallelism of the(More)
Articular adipose tissue is a ubiquitous component of human joints, but its local functions are largely unknown. Because recent studies revealed several links between adipose tissue, adipocytokines, and arthritis, we investigated the expression of the adipocytokine adiponectin and its functional role in articular adipose tissue and synovium of patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental studies have shown that luminal antigens are involved in chronic intestinal inflammatory disorders such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Alteration of the intestinal microflora by antibiotic or probiotic therapy may induce and maintain remission. The aim of this randomized, placebo-controlled trial was to determine the(More)
Growing evidence suggests that flat colorectal cancers (CRC) account for 10% to 20% of all CRCs and that these are frequently associated with more advanced pathologies. However, controversy exists as to the origin and progression of flat CRCs compared with the more common polypoid-type morphology. We report using the azoxymethane mouse model for human CRC(More)
BACKGROUND Azathioprine (aza) therapy is beneficial in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease, but 10%-30% of patients cannot tolerate aza therapy because of adverse drug reactions. Thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT) deficiency predisposes to myelotoxicity, but its association with other side effects is less clear. Inosine triphosphatase (ITPA)(More)