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A nucleic acid-targeted photochemical treatment (PCT) using amotosalen HCl (S-59) and ultraviolet A (UVA) light was developed to inactivate viruses, bacteria, protozoa, and leukocytes in platelet components. We conducted a controlled, randomized, double-blinded trial in thrombocytopenic patients requiring repeated platelet transfusions for up to 56 days of(More)
Leukocyte-depleted platelet concentrates were prepared from pools of 4 buffy coats on the day after blood collection (BC-PC). The storage medium was composed of citrate phosphate dextrose plasma and a platelet-additive solution. Autologous transfusions of 111In-labelled platelets in 9 healthy volunteers were performed on the day of preparation (day 1) and(More)
The in vitro effects of storage of platelets prepared from 4 or 6 pooled buffy coat (BC) units and stored in a platelet storage medium consisting of 30-40% of CPD plasma or alternatively half-strength citrate CPD (0.5 CPD) plasma and 60-70% of different alternative platelet additive solutions (PASs) were evaluated. Measurements of mean platelet volume, pH,(More)
The levels of ATP and total adenine nucleotides (ATP + ADP + AMP) were determined by firefly luciferase assay in red blood cells during storage for 5 weeks at 4 degrees C. With few exceptions, no significant differences in nucleotide levels were found between whole blood stored in CPD-adenine and various preparations of red blood cells in CPD-adenine or CPD(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies indicate that platelet concentrates (PCs) in a platelet additive solution (PAS) containing citrate, acetate, and sodium chloride (PAS-2) show a significantly higher increase of CD62+ platelets than PCs in other brands of PAS containing Mg(2+) and K(+). To investigate whether this difference can be explained by the presence of(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of our in vitro study is to compare the effects on platelet membrane glycoproteins that play an important role in the main functions of platelets, when platelets are stored for a period of 21 days at 4 degrees C or 22 degrees C. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Platelet concentrates (PC) were prepared from pooled buffy-coats (BC) for paired(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES In a preliminary study, the presence of potassium and magnesium in a modified synthetic medium (PAS-III) was found to have a significant influence on platelet metabolism (using apheresis-derived, as well as buffy-coat-derived platelets) when compared with standard PAS-III. The differences included reduced glycolysis, as evidenced(More)
BACKGROUND To improve clinical access to platelet concentrates (PCs), prolonging the storage period is one alternative, provided that they are free from bacteria. The quality of platelets (PLTs) stored for 1 versus 7 days was compared by in vitro analyses and in vivo recovery and survival in blood donors. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS Apheresis PCs from 10(More)
BACKGROUND The pH environment of stored platelet (PLT) products is recognized as an important factor and is generally used as a key surrogate measure of PLT viability. It is the only in vitro measurement that has been translated into industry standards and regulatory rules or specifications for storage of PLT products. The objective of this study was to(More)