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Most mammalian cells cultivated in vitro can be infected with lymphocytic choriomeningitis (LCM) virus. In addition to infectious virus, the cells produce antigenic material that fixes complement in the presence of antibody and is precipitated by antiserum. Intracellular antigen can also be demonstrated by the immunofluorescence procedure. When infected… (More)
Isolated Acetabularia crenulata nuclei were injected with Mengo virus RNA solution and then implanted into anucleate posterior Acetabularia mediterranea cell fragments or fused with Acetabularia ryukyuensis cytoplasts. The injected animal virus RNA was actively translated in the plant cell cytoplasm. Mengo virus proteins were detected and localized in… (More)
Use of Urografin and Conray for the equilibrium centrifugation of viruses is described. These pharmaceuticals, which consist of iodinated arylic compounds, reach densities of 1.6 g/cm3 and have low intrinsic viscosities. Poliovirus, Newcastle disease virus, and lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus were centrifuged to equilibrium in gradients made of these… (More)
The buoyant density of dense poliovirus particles has been examined in density gradients other than cesium chloride in order to determine the dependence of this property on the nature of the solvent. In Urografin (sodium and methylglucamine amidotrizoate), dense poliovirus particles banded at two densities--1.33 and 1.39 g/cm(3)--whereas in cesium… (More)
Two procedures for the purification of infectious lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus from cell culture fluid have been developed. If large quantities of very pure virus are to be prepared, infected L cells are maintained with a medium supplemented with calf serum, the proteins of which have been largely removed by pretreatment with polyethylene glycol. Two… (More)
A quantal microassay for the titration of LCM virus strains is described. It is based on the detection of virus-specific complement-fixing antigen in the medium of infected L cell microcultures.