Hans Grisebach

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Two isoenzymes of an NADP+ -dependent cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase and an NAD+ - dependent aliphatic alcohol dehydrogenase were extracted from cell suspension cultures of soybean (Glycine max L., var. Mandarin) which form lignin during growth. These enzymes could be separated from each other by chromatography on DEAE-cellulose and hydroxyapatite. The(More)
(2S)-Flavanone 3-hydroxylase from flowers of Petunia hybrida catalyses the conversion of (2S)-naringenin to (2R,3R)-dihydrokaempferol. The enzyme could be partially stabilized under anaerobic conditions in the presence of ascorbate. For purification, 2-oxoglutarate and Fe2+ had to be added to the buffers. The hydroxylase was purified about 200-fold by a(More)
Cambial sap of spruce (Picea abies) proved to be a good source for isolation of cinnamoyl-CoA reductase and cinnamyl alcohol:NADP+ dehydrogenase. Apparently homogeneous enzymes were obtained by a multistep procedure including dye-ligand chromatography and for the reductase also affinity chromatography on (coenzyme A)-agarose. An improved purification(More)
The NADPH and oxygen-dependent conversion of (2S)-naringenin to genistein catalyzed by a microsomal preparation from elicitor-treated soybean cell suspension cultures has been resolved into two steps. In the first step (2S)-naringenin is converted to a product (P-2) which yields genistein in a second step. The chemical behaviour of P-2 and its ultraviolet(More)
An NADPH:2'-hydroxydaidzein oxidoreductase (HDR) from elicitor-challenged soybean cell cultures was purified to apparent homogeneity by a five-step procedure. The purification procedure included affinity adsorption on Blue Sepharose and elution of the enzyme with NADP+. It was shown by gel filtration and by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel(More)
In soybean (Glycine max L.), pathogen attack induces the formation of glyceollin-type phytoalexins. The biosynthetic key enzyme is a reductase which synthesizes 4,2', 4'-trihydroxychalcone in co-action with chalcone synthase. Screening of a soybean cDNA library from elicitor-induced RNA in lambda gt11 yielded two classes of reductase-specific clones. The(More)
A radioimmunoassay specific for glyceollin I was used to quantitate this phytoalexin in roots of soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merr. cv Harosoy 63) after infection with zoospores of either race 1 (incompatible) or race 3 (compatible) of Phytophthora megasperma Drechs. f. sp. glycinea Kuan and Erwin. The sensitivity of the radioimmunoassay and an(More)
(+)Leucopelargonidin [(2R,3S,4R)-3,4,5,7,4′-pentahydroxyflavan] and (+)leucocyanidin [(2R,3S,4R)-3,4,5,7,3′,4′-hexahydroxyflavan] were synthesized from (+)dihydrokaempferol and (+)dihydroquercetin, respectively, by sodium-borohydride reduction. The chemical and optical purity of these compounds was established by ultraviolet,(More)
A cell-free extract from flowers of Matthiola incana catalyzes a NADPH-dependent stereospecific reduction of (+)-dihydrokaempferol to 3,4-cis-leucopelargonidin (5,7,4′-trihydroxyflavan-3,4-cis-diol). The pH-optimum of this reaction is around 6. The rate of reaction with NADH was about 50% of that found with NADPH. (+)-Dihydroquercetin and(More)