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The induction of autophagy caused by vinblastine (VBL) has been found to be concomitant with a stimulation of proteolysis in a mitochondrial-lysosomal (ML) fraction from the rat liver (Marzella and Glaumann, 1980, Lab. Invest., 42: 8-17. Marzella and Glaumann, 1980, Lab. Invest., 42:18-27). In this fraction the enhanced proteolysis is associated with a(More)
A reactive metabolite of acetaminophen is hepatotoxic in humans when the drug is ingested in large overdoses. The ability of the human fetal and adult liver to oxidize acetaminophen by trapping the potentially toxic metabolite as a glutathione conjugate has been measured. Oxidation by fetal liver was approximately ten times slower than by adult liver.(More)
Lipoprotein particles (d less than 1.03 g/ml) were isolated from rough and smooth microsomes and from the Golgi apparatus of rat liver, and were characterized chemically and morphologically. The rough endoplasmic reticulum (ER) particles were rich in protein (50%) and contained phospholipids (PLP) and triglycerides (TG) in smaller amounts, whereas the(More)
In vitro metabolism and metabolic activation of 2-acetylami-nofluorene (AAF), 2-aminofluorene, and 2,4-diaminoanisole to mutagenic (Salmonella test system) and covalently protein-bound intermediates were evaluated in subcellular fractions from seven human livers. The cytochrome P-450 content, aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activity, and sodium dodecyl(More)
Treatment with beta-naphthoflavone (BNF) was found to induce 7-ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase and aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activities about 500-fold in the microsomal fraction of the rat ventral prostate but had no effect on aminopyrine N-demethylase or reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate:cytochrome c reductase activities. Phenobarbital(More)
Liver-infiltrating T cells have been implicated in the pathogenesis of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), however little information is available about changes in other cellular compartments in the liver during PSC. This study aimed to characterize non-parenchymal intrahepatic cells in PSC livers and to find associations between phenotypes and disease(More)
Thirty-seven persons were identified with GB virus C (GBV-C) single infection by polymerase chain reaction screening of 1254 healthy blood donors. Of 33 donors who returned for clinical examination, 17 underwent liver biopsy. Clinical, biochemical, and histologic evaluation did not reveal any signs of liver disease. Liver biopsies of 15 donors were analyzed(More)
Rabbit antibodies raised against the major isozymes of cytochrome P-450 isolated from hepatic microsomes of beta-naphthoflavone- (BNF) and phenobarbital-treated rats (cytochrome P-450 BNF-B2 and cytochrome P-450 PB-B2, respectively) and against rat liver NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase were used to localize these enzymes immunohistochemically in the rat(More)
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