Hans Georg Lemaire

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Alzheimer's disease is characterized by a widespread functional disturbance of the human brain. Fibrillar amyloid proteins are deposited inside neurons as neurofibrillary tangles and extracellularly as amyloid plaque cores and in blood vessels. The major protein subunit (A4) of the amyloid fibril of tangles, plaques and blood vessel deposits is an(More)
Antagonists at the ionotropic non-NMDA [AMPA (amino-methyl proprionic acid)/kainate] type of glutamate receptors have been suggested to possess several advantages compared to NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) receptor antagonists, particularly in terms of risk/benefit ratio, but the non-NMDA receptor antagonists available so far have not fulfilled this promise.(More)
The precursor of the Alzheimer's disease-specific amyloid A4 protein is an integral, glycosylated membrane protein which spans the bilayer once. The carboxy-terminal domain of 47 residues was located at the cytoplasmic site of the membrane. The three domains following the transient signal sequence of 17 residues face the opposite side of the membrane. The(More)
The promoter of the gene for the human precursor of Alzheimer's disease A4 amyloid protein (PAD gene) resembles promoters of housekeeping genes. It lacks a typical TATA box and shows a high GC content of 72% in a DNA region that confers promoter activity to a reporter gene in an in vivo assay. Transcription initiates at multiple sites. Sequences homologous(More)
Laccases are copper-containing enzymes which oxidize phenolic substrates and transfer the electrons to oxygen. Many filamentous fungi contain several laccase-encoding genes, but their biological roles are mostly not well understood. The main interest in laccases in biotechnology is their potential to be used to detoxify phenolic substances. We report here(More)
Cloning and sequence analysis revealed the putative amyloid A4 precursor (pre-A4) of Alzheimer's disease to have characteristics of a membrane-spanning glycoprotein. In addition to brain, pre-A4 mRNA was found in adult human muscle and other tissues. We demonstrate by in situ hybridization that pre-A4 mRNA is present in adult human muscle, in cultured human(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the cerebral deposition of fibrillar aggregates of the amyloid A4 protein. Complementary DNA's coding for the precursor of the amyloid A4 protein have been described. In order to identify the structure of the precursor gene relevant clones from several human genomic libraries were isolated. Sequence analysis of(More)
The nucleotide sequences of the gal E gene coding for UDP-galactose-4-epimerase and the gal T gene coding for galactose-1-P uridyltransferase of Escherichia coli have been determined. UDP-galactose-4-epimerase and galactose-1-P uridyltransferase are predicted to consist of 338 and 347 residues, respectively, NH2-terminal methionines included.
A convenient new procedure for the purification of galactokinase, galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase, and UDP-galactose 4-epimerase overexpressed in Escherichia coli is presented. The procedure is shorter than any other described in the literature and facilitates the purification of the three recombinant enzymes in considerable amounts and at high(More)
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