Hans-Georg Joost

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During the last 2 years, several novel genes that encode glucose transporter-like proteins have been identified and characterized. Because of their sequence similarity with GLUT1, these genes appear to belong to the family of solute carriers 2A (SLC2A, protein symbol GLUT). Sequence comparisons of all 13 family members allow the definition of characteristic(More)
Metabolomic discovery of biomarkers of type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk may reveal etiological pathways and help to identify individuals at risk for disease. We prospectively investigated the association between serum metabolites measured by targeted metabolomics and risk of T2D in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Potsdam(More)
Glucose enters eucaryotic cells via 2 different types of membrane associated carrier proteins, the Na+-coupled glucose transporters (SGLT) and glucose transporter facilitators (GLUT). Three members of the SGLT family function as sugar transporters (SGLT1 and SGLT2) or sensors (SGLT3). The human GLUT family consists of 14 members, of which 11 have been shown(More)
cDNA clones of two novel Ras-related GTP-binding proteins (RagA and RagB) were isolated from rat and human cDNA libraries. Their deduced amino acid sequences comprise four of the six known conserved GTP-binding motifs (PM1, -2, -3, G1), the remaining two (G2, G3) being strikingly different from those of the Ras family, and an unusually large C-terminal(More)
DYRK1A is a dual-specificity protein kinase that is thought to be involved in brain development. We identified a single phosphorylated amino acid residue in the DYRK substrate histone H3 (threonine 45) by mass spectrometry, phosphoamino acid analysis, and protein sequencing. Exchange of threonine 45 for alanine abolished phosphorylation of histone H3 by(More)
DYRK1 is a dual specificity protein kinase presumably involved in brain development. Here we show that the kinase belongs to a new family of protein kinases comprising at least seven mammalian isoforms (DYRK1A, DYRK1B, DYRK1C, DYRK2, DYRK3, DYRK4A, and DYRK4B), the yeast homolog Yak1p, and the Drosophila kinase minibrain (MNB). In rat tissues, DYRK1A is(More)
The leptin receptor (LEPR) is a class I cytokine receptor signalling via both the janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK/STAT) and the MAP kinase pathways. In addition, leptin has been shown previously to activate AMP-activated kinase (AMPK) in skeletal muscle. To enable a detailed analysis of leptin signalling in pancreatic beta(More)
OBJECTIVE The liver-secreted protein fetuin-A induces insulin resistance in animals, and circulating fetuin-A is elevated in insulin resistance and fatty liver in humans. We investigated whether plasma fetuin-A levels predict the incidence of type 2 diabetes in a large prospective, population-based study. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A case-cohort study(More)
The cDNA of a novel, ubiquitously expressed protein kinase (Dyrk) was cloned from a rat brain cDNA library. The deduced amino acid sequence (763 amino acids) contains a catalytic domain that is only distantly related to that of other mammalian protein kinases. Its closest relative is the protein kinase Mnb of Drosophila, which is presumably involved in(More)