Hans Geir Eiken

Learn More
There is evidence of a hereditary component in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A number of genetic association studies have been performed to find susceptibility genes of COPD. The current authors performed a case-control, genetic-association study and a meta-analysis of 16 studies, involving seven polymorphisms in three well-studied genes:(More)
Recombinant human phenylalanine hydroxylase (hPAH) was produced in high yields in Escherichia coli using the pET and pMAL expression vectors. In the pMAL system, hPAH was fused through the target sequences of the restriction protease factor Xa (IEGR) or enterokinase (D4K) to the C-terminal end of the highly expressed E. coli maltose-binding protein (MBP).(More)
Loss of connectivity and habitat destruction may lead to genetic depletion of wild animal populations, especially in species requiring large, connected territories as the brown bear (Ursus arctos). Brown bear populations of North Western Russia, Finland and Northern Norway have been assumed to form one large, continuous population; however this hypothesis(More)
Brown and polar bears have become prominent examples in phylogeography, but previous phylogeographic studies relied largely on maternally inherited mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) or were geographically restricted. The male-specific Y chromosome, a natural counterpart to mtDNA, has remained underexplored. Although this paternally inherited chromosome is(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess salivary gland tissues obtained from patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS) for the gene expression profile of the candidate genes TNFRSF6 (Fas), TNFSF6 (FasL), SSA1 (Ro52 alpha and the splice variant Ro52 beta), SSB (La), CTLA4, PDCD1 (PD-1), and ORM2, which were selected on the basis of their putative participation in salivary(More)
We here describe 34 novel microsatellite loci from the brown bear (Ursus arctos) identified using a next-generation sequencing approach. While we found allelic variation in 30 of these, we selected 16 polymorphic microsatellites (11 di- and 5 tetranucleotide repeats) for four multiplex-PCR assays based on genetic variability, PCR performance and(More)
RFLPs in the phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) gene locus were determined in 47 Norwegian nuclear families that had at least one child with phenylketonuria (PKU). The PKU haplotype distribution differed somewhat from that of other European populations. Mutant haplotype 7 is relatively rare in other populations but constituted 20% of all mutant haplotypes in(More)
We have analysed 236 Norwegian phenylketonuria (PKU) alleles by a combination of mutation scanning methods, restriction enzyme-based assays and DNA sequencing. Thirty-three different mutations constituted 99.6% of all mutant alleles (only 1 allele remains unidentified), 23 of these have been identified also in other European countries. Twenty were predicted(More)
The G46S mutation in the phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) gene was identified by fluorescence-based single-strand conformation polymorphism (F-SSCP) analysis on phenylketonuria (PKU) haplotype 5.9 alleles. DNA sequencing of PAH exon 2 revealed a G-to-A transition in cDNA position 136. G46S mutations were present on 17 of 236 Norwegian PKU alleles (7.2%) and(More)
The zebrafish genome was found to contain two sequences which cross-hybridize strongly with the engrailed gene of Drosophila. Several independent clones containing one of these cross-hybridizing sequences were isolated from a zebrafish genomic library. Characterization of this region (ZF-EN) by DNA sequencing showed that it shares about 70% sequence(More)