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Beggiatoa alba strain B18LD was grown in continuous culture under heterotrophic conditions on acetate or acetate and asparagine and under mixotrophic conditions on acetate plus either 1 mM sodium sulfide or 1 mM sodium thiosulfate. Considerable differences were observed between the yields and the cell compositions of heterotrophic and mixotrophic cultures(More)
In continuous culture enrichments that were inoculated with activated sludge and were fed with polymeric substrates, freely dispersed single-celled bacteria belonging to theCytophaga group dominated among the initial populations, irrespective of the activated sludge source. These populations were grazed by flagellated protozoa which after several days(More)
The assimilation and metabolism of CO(2) and acetate by Beggiatoa alba strain B18LD was investigated. Although B. alba was shown to require CO(2) for growth, the addition of excess CO(2) (as NaHCO(3)) to the medium in a closed system did not stimulate growth. Approximately 24 to 31% of the methyl-labeled acetate and 38 to 46% of the carboxyl-labeled acetate(More)
Herbivorous crustacean zooplankton may influence bacterial populations of lakes directly by grazing on them or indirectly by grazing on algae. In Lake Constance a regularly observed decrease of bacterial density during periods of high abundance of cladocerans (clearwater phase) indicated bacterial grazing losses. However, cladoceran grazing on bacteria(More)
A nonfloc-formingCytophaga population and a population of floc-formingZoogloea-like bacteria, which grew together in close association, became enriched in a continuous culture inoculated with activated sludge and fed by polymeric carbon sources. These bacteria were in a mutualistic relationship because theCytophaga population provided growth factors to the(More)
Regeneration of nutrients in aquatic ecosystems may be affected by autolysis, bacterial degradation, and activities of phagotrophic organisms. To examine the relative importance of these processes, mineralization of carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus was studied in a two-stage continuous culture system. In the first stage (production compartment), aChlorella(More)
Elimination of bacteria by ozonation in combination with charcoal or slow sand filtration for advanced sewage treatment to improve the quality of treated sewage and to reduce the potential risk for human health of receiving surface waters was investigated in pilot scale at the sewage treatment plant Eriskirch, Baden-Wuerttemberg/Germany. To determine the(More)
The grain size fraction less than 63 µm is an important environmental factor affecting the distribution and abundance of many of the tubificid species of Lake Constance. In substrates with a heterogeneous grain size where tubificids can be selective many species occur almost exclusively in their particle size preference range, which is highly species(More)
Combined sewer systems collect surface runoff as well as wastewater of industrial and domestic origin. During periods of heavy rainfall the capacity of the sewer system is exceeded and the overflow is discharged into receiving waters without any treatment. Consequently, combined sewer overflow (CSO) is considered as a major source of water pollution. This(More)
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