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This multicenter, randomized, controlled, double-blind, phase III study in 704 patients with chronic hepatitis C infection compared treatment with consensus interferon (CIFN), a non-natural recombinant type-1 interferon, with a standard regimen of recombinant interferon alfa-2b (IFN-alpha2b). Patients were randomized to receive CIFN at doses of 3 microg or(More)
Irinotecan (CPT-11) and its active metabolite, 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin (SN-38), are believed to be reabsorbed by intestinal cells and to enter the entero-hepatic circulation, but there is little information to date. Our objective was to investigate the intestinal transport of CPT-11 and SN-38 in correlation with their associated cytotoxicity. Using(More)
The comparative rate of formation of lithocholic acid from chenodeoxycholic acid and its 7 beta epimer, ursodeoxycholic acid, was studied in human subjects and in a rhesus monkey. [24-14C]Chenodeoxycholic acid and [24-14C]ursodeoxycholic acid were incubated in vitro, under anaerobic conditions, in fecal samples from 7 control and 7 asymptomatic gallstone(More)
Although the cholesterol pool in the central nervous system is considered to be relatively stable, few studies have tested this assumption. The aim of the study was to gain further information on the communication between the extracerebral organs and the brain as far as cholesterol and lipoprotein transport are concerned. Receptor-dependent as well as(More)
The formation of ursodeoxycholic acid from chenodeoxycholic acid and the role of 7-ketolithocholic acid as an intermediate in this biotransformation were studied in vitro in fecal incubations as well as in vivo in the human colon. [24-14C]-Labeled 7-ketolithocholic and chenodeoxycholic acids were studied at various concentrations, and the biotransformation(More)
Characteristics of the binding of lithocholic acid (LC), chenodeoxycholic acid (CDC), and cholic acid to human plasma proteins were studied. Affinity of the different plasma protein fractions for the bile acids studied decreased with increased polarity of the steroid nucleus of the bile acid. Binding of LC, CDC, and cholic acid to the lipoprotein-free,(More)