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Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that prominently affects cerebral connectivity. Assessing the functional connectivity at rest, recent functional MRI (fMRI) studies reported on the existence of resting-state networks (RSNs). RSNs are characterized by spatially coherent, spontaneous fluctuations in the blood oxygen level-dependent(More)
The betaA4 peptide, a major component of senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain, has been found in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and blood of both AD patients and normal subjects. Although betaA4 1-40 is the major form produced by cell metabolism and found in CSF, recent observations suggest that the long-tailed betaA4 1-42 plays a more crucial role(More)
Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) is a key-enzyme in the metabolism of membrane phospholipids. In cholinergic neurons PLA2 controls the physico-chemical properties of neuronal membranes as well as the breakdown of phosphatidylcholine to produce choline for acetylcholine synthesis. Moreover PLA2 influences the processing and secretion of the amyloid precursor protein,(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is often accompanied by non-motor complications, such as dementia, depression, and psychotic symptoms, which worsen the prognosis and increase the personal and socioeconomic burden of disease. Prevalence estimates of these complications are quite variable and are lacking for the outpatient care sector. As part of a larger,(More)
Quantitative EEG results in Alzheimer's disease may be summarized by the term 'slowing', i.e. slow frequencies (delta, theta) are increased and fast frequencies (alpha, beta) are decreased. But how can EEG data be used to discriminate AD patients from controls by means of EEG data? Discriminant analysis may produce false predictions using too many(More)
Early clinical symptoms of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) may overlap with other neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's disease (AD) and frontotemporal degeneration (FTD). On entering an era in which pharmaceutical treatment of CJD occurs, reliable diagnostic markers like immunodetection of 14-3-3 proteins in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are(More)
OBJECTIVES Environmental clinics are frequented by patients with fears and complaints related to environmental triggers. A dose-independent overreaction to small doses of widely used and generally non-toxic chemicals is referred to as multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS), but no clearly defined clinical syndrome with objective physical findings has been(More)
At post-mortem, Lewy bodies (LBs) were found in the brainstem and neocortex of eight out of 65 patients who had been collected during a prospective long-term study on clinically diagnosed Alzheimer's disease. All eight patients had accompanying Alzheimer pathology which was less severe than in a sample of eight age- and sex-matched patients from the same(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the patterns of cerebral glucose metabolism in frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and semantic dementia (SD). METHODS 25 patients with mild FTD and 9 patients with mild SD as well as 15 healthy age-matched control subjects underwent 18F-FDG- positron emission tomography. Patient scans were compared with control scans using SPM-99. (More)