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Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder that prominently affects cerebral connectivity. Assessing the functional connectivity at rest, recent functional MRI (fMRI) studies reported on the existence of resting-state networks (RSNs). RSNs are characterized by spatially coherent, spontaneous fluctuations in the blood oxygen level-dependent(More)
Quantitative EEG results in Alzheimer's disease may be summarized by the term 'slowing', i.e. slow frequencies (delta, theta) are increased and fast frequencies (alpha, beta) are decreased. But how can EEG data be used to discriminate AD patients from controls by means of EEG data? Discriminant analysis may produce false predictions using too many(More)
Early clinical symptoms of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) may overlap with other neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's disease (AD) and frontotemporal degeneration (FTD). On entering an era in which pharmaceutical treatment of CJD occurs, reliable diagnostic markers like immunodetection of 14-3-3 proteins in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are(More)
BACKGROUND Parkinson's disease (PD) is often accompanied by non-motor complications, such as dementia, depression, and psychotic symptoms, which worsen the prognosis and increase the personal and socioeconomic burden of disease. Prevalence estimates of these complications are quite variable and are lacking for the outpatient care sector. METHODS As part(More)
BACKGROUND CSF concentrations of tau and beta-amyloid protein-42 (Abeta42) have been extensively studied in AD. Few data are available concerning CSF levels of both proteins in patients with frontotemporal degeneration (FTD). METHODS The authors investigated CSF tau and Abeta42 concentrations in 34 patients with FTD, 74 patients with AD, and 40(More)
In schizophrenia, consistent structural and functional changes have been demonstrated for the insula including aberrant salience processing, which is critical for psychosis. Interactions within and across default mode and central executive network (DMN, CEN) are impaired in schizophrenia. The question arises whether these 2 types of changes are related.(More)
At post-mortem, Lewy bodies (LBs) were found in the brainstem and neocortex of eight out of 65 patients who had been collected during a prospective long-term study on clinically diagnosed Alzheimer's disease. All eight patients had accompanying Alzheimer pathology which was less severe than in a sample of eight age- and sex-matched patients from the same(More)
The dimensional complexity or fractal dimension of the EEG recorded at 17 locations from the 10-20 system was studied using a very fast new algorithm. The paper contains 2 parts. First, the influence of several parameters (embedding dimension, delay time, high and low frequency cutoff, ADC precision and sweep length) on the estimation of dimensional(More)
BACKGROUND The prevalence of psychotic phenomena in confirmed Alzheimer's disease (AD) and their potential neuropathological correlates have rarely been the subject of prospective investigation. METHOD Psychopathological disturbances were recorded prospectively according to the Geriatric Mental State Schedule and the CAMDEX: The frequency of these(More)