Hans Erik Rugstad

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OBJECTIVES Recently, it was shown in vitro that the polymorphic enzyme cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2D6 mediates O-demethylation of diltiazem. The aim of this study was to compare the pharmacokinetics of diltiazem and its major metabolites in healthy human volunteers representing different CYP2D6 genotypes. METHODS Norwegians of Caucasian origin were screened(More)
Cultured cells with elevated levels of cytoplasmic metallothionein (MT), a small-molecular-weight protein extremely rich in cysteine, showed resistance against the alkylating drug chlorambucil. One human epithelial line (HE) and one mouse fibroblast line (Cl 1D) were used, as well as substrains of both cell lines (HE100 and Cl 1D100). The substrains contain(More)
Cultured cells with a high content of the extremely cysteine-rich protein metallothionein (MT) have previously been shown to exhibit resistance when exposed to otherwise lethal doses of cis-dichlorodiammineplatinum (cis-DDP), chlorambucil or prednimustine, and to have a significant proportion of intracellular drug associated with MT after such treatment. In(More)
An endogenous cytoplasmic protein, metallothionein (MT) apparently gave rise to radioresistance in 2 different cell lines. A dose reduction factor of 1.9 was achieved in MT-containing cells. MT accounted for a 3–4-fold increase of total sulfhydryl groups in the resistant cell strains, compared to the non-resistant lines from which they were derived. The(More)
Cyclosporine (10 mg/kg/day) and azathioprine (2.5-3 mg/kg/day) were compared for 26 weeks in an open, controlled, randomized study of 24 patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Each treatment group consisted of 12 patients. Those patients who took cyclosporine improved significantly in the 50-foot walk time, circumferences of proximal interphalangeal joints,(More)
A multicentre, double-blind study of unprecedented size was conducted to compare the safety and efficacy of piroxicam and naproxen in the treatment of osteoarthritis. The study comprised 2,035 patients and a treatment period of 12 weeks. The dosage was 20 mg piroxicam and 750 mg naproxen daily with the option to reduce to 10 and 500 mg, respectively, at(More)
To investigate the influence of culture conditions on the in vitro responses of tumour cells to anticancer drugs, the sensitivities observed with the soft agar methods of Hamburger & Salmon (1977) (H-S) and of Courtenay & Mills (1978) (C-M) were compared. In all cases the ID50 values were determined from dose-response curves. Six human tumour cell lines(More)
Blood samples from 34 recipients of kidney transplants who were on multidrug therapy including azathioprine were analyzed using two methods in parallel for red blood cell (RBC) concentrations of methylated 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) metabolites. Chemical hydrolysis with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) showed values ranging from 0 to 20,259 pmol/8(More)
We have developed in vitro resistance to 4'-epidoxorubicin (Epi-A) and cis-dichlorodiammineplatinum (cis-DDP) in one rat (MH1C1) and one human hepatoma cell line (HepG2). When compared to their parental cells, the Epi-A resistant rat cells were 17 times and the resistant human cells 27 times more resistant to Epi-A in terms of GI50 in the cell growth(More)