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We have shown previously that a variant allele of the short-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase ( SCAD ) gene, 625G-->A, is present in homozygous form in 7% of control individuals and in 60% of 135 patients with elevated urinary excretion of ethylmalonic acid (EMA). We have now characterized three disease-causing mutations (confirmed by lack of enzyme activity(More)
Dominant optic atrophy, type Kjer (McKusick no. 165500) is an autosomal dominant eye disease. The disease is characterized by moderate to severe visual impairment with an insidious onset during the first decade of life, blue-yellow dyschromatopsia and centrocecal scotoma of varying density. We examined three extended Danish pedigrees using highly(More)
Dominant optic atrophy, type Kjer, is an autosomal dominant eye disease that is characterized by progressive optic atrophy with onset in early childhood, decrease of visual acuity, colour vision defects and centrocecal scotoma. By examination of 5 Danish families and the use of polymorphic markers, we have refined the localization of the OPA1 locus and(More)
A fourth human UDP-GalNAc:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase, designated GalNAc-T4, was cloned and expressed. The genomic organization of GalNAc-T4 is distinct from GalNAc-T1, -T2, and -T3, which contain multiple coding exons, in that the coding region is contained in a single exon. GalNAc-T4 was placed at human chromosome 12q21.3-q22 by in situ(More)
Sixty-two patients from three large Danish families with autosomal dominant optic atrophy were clinically examined, and retrospective follow-up was made on 30 patients. We found great inter-and intrafamiliar variation in visual acuity and visual decline. One hundred and seventy-five chromosomal markers were analyzed in 118 family members. Linkage was(More)
Serum cholinesterase 2 (CHE2) was examined in a Danish material of normal families that has been tested earlier for 70-78 classical marker systems and 25 RFLP systems. DNA for RFLP typing was provided by transforming 16-year-old frozen lymphocytes. The frequency of allele CHE2*C5+ in the Danish population was found to be 0.0430. The highest lod score was(More)
Brown eye colour (BEY), or total brown iris pigmentation is one of the most common phenotypes of iris colour. Data of eye colour as well as hair colour were obtained for linkage analysis through an enquiry in our family material of 832 families from Copenhagen area. By exclusion mapping with 80 markers in 120 segregating families and 290 markers in 5(More)
Loss of histo-blood group A and B antigen expression is a frequent event in oral carcinomas and is associated with decreased activity of glycosyltransferases encoded by the ABO gene. We examined 30 oral squamous cell carcinomas for expression of A and B antigens and glycosyltransferases. We also examined DNA from these tumors for loss of heterozygosity(More)
The C3 complement system was examined in our Danish material of normal families, which had earlier been examined for 59 marker systems, and in a myotonic dystrophy family material. A total of 8 alleles were recognized, with allele frequencies as follows: C3*S = 0.7902, C3*F = 0.2018, C3*S rare (3 lumped together) = 0.0036, C3*F rare (2 lumped together) =(More)