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The human eye color is a quantitative trait displaying multifactorial inheritance. Several studies have shown that the OCA2 locus is the major contributor to the human eye color variation. By linkage analysis of a large Danish family, we finemapped the blue eye color locus to a 166 Kbp region within the HERC2 gene. By association analyses, we identified two(More)
PURPOSE To unravel the molecular genetic background in families with congenital cataract in association with microcornea (CCMC, OMIM 116150). METHODS CCMC families were recruited from a national database on hereditary eye diseases; DNA was procured from a national gene bank on hereditary eye diseases and by blood sampling from one large family. Genomewide(More)
We have shown previously that a variant allele of the short-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase ( SCAD ) gene, 625G-->A, is present in homozygous form in 7% of control individuals and in 60% of 135 patients with elevated urinary excretion of ethylmalonic acid (EMA). We have now characterized three disease-causing mutations (confirmed by lack of enzyme activity(More)
Dominant optic atrophy, type Kjer (McKusick no. 165500) is an autosomal dominant eye disease. The disease is characterized by moderate to severe visual impairment with an insidious onset during the first decade of life, blue-yellow dyschromatopsia and centrocecal scotoma of varying density. We examined three extended Danish pedigrees using highly(More)
Loss of histo-blood group A and B antigen expression is a frequent event in oral carcinomas and is associated with decreased activity of glycosyltransferases encoded by the ABO gene. We examined 30 oral squamous cell carcinomas for expression of A and B antigens and glycosyltransferases. We also examined DNA from these tumors for loss of heterozygosity(More)
A fourth human UDP-GalNAc:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase, designated GalNAc-T4, was cloned and expressed. The genomic organization of GalNAc-T4 is distinct from GalNAc-T1, -T2, and -T3, which contain multiple coding exons, in that the coding region is contained in a single exon. GalNAc-T4 was placed at human chromosome 12q21.3-q22 by in situ(More)
Building a population-specific catalogue of single nucleotide variants (SNVs), indels and structural variants (SVs) with frequencies, termed a national pan-genome, is critical for further advancing clinical and public health genetics in large cohorts. Here we report a Danish pan-genome obtained from sequencing 10 trios to high depth (50 × ). We report 536k(More)
Dominant optic atrophy, type Kjer, is an autosomal dominant eye disease that is characterized by progressive optic atrophy with onset in early childhood, decrease of visual acuity, colour vision defects and centrocecal scotoma. By examination of 5 Danish families and the use of polymorphic markers, we have refined the localization of the OPA1 locus and(More)
Medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency is an inborn error of fatty acid metabolism. It is one of the most frequent genetic metabolic disorders among Caucasian children. The G985 allele represented 90% of all the variant alleles of the MCAD gene in an extensive series of retrospective studies. To study the distribution of the G985 allele,(More)