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We describe a fully computer-controlled differential optical absorption spectroscopy system for atmospheric air pollution monitoring. A receiving optical telescope can sequentially tune in to light beams from a number of distant high-pressure Xe lamp light sources to cover the area of a medium-sized city. A beam-finding servosystem and automatic gain(More)
Atmospheric mercury species/fractions were measured near a chlor-alkali plant in Sweden during August 28 to September 4, 2001. The concentration of total gaseous mercury in the plume from the plant was measured using TEKRAN and GARDIS instruments. Gaseous elemental mercury was measured using a light detection and ranging (LIDAR) technique. From vertical(More)
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Multicolor imaging of vegetation fluorescence following laser excitation is reported for distances of 50 m. A mobile laser-radar system equipped with a Nd:YAG laser transmitter and a 40-cm-diameter telescope was utilized. The laser light was Raman shifted to 397 nm with pulse energies of ˜ 30 mJ. An image-intensified CCD camera with a specially designed(More)
A newly developed optical parametric oscillator (OPO) based differential absorption lidar (DIAL) system has been applied to the monitoring of atomic mercury emissions at several chlor-alkali plants in Europe. The versatility of the system is illustrated by measured time series of mercury flux and movies of vertical and horizontal concentration(More)
Three-dimensional mapping of atmospheric atomic mercury has been performed with lidar techniques, to our knowledge, for the first time. Industrial pollution monitoring, as well as measurements of background concentrations, is reported. High-efficiency frequency doubling of narrowband pulsed dye laser radiation was employed to generate intense radiation at(More)
Different rotational CARS techniques have been evaluated in terms of single-shot temperature accuracy and signal intensity in room temperature nitrogen and in flames. The different techniques include both dual broadband techniques, using one or two broadband dye lasers, and conventional rotational CARS with different dye lasers. These techniques are also(More)
We demonstrate how spatially resolved distributions of NO and NO(2) can be simultaneously detected by using a single laser pulse at 452 nm. The laser-induced fluorescence from NO was achieved by a two-photon transition in the gamma band at 226 nm followed by UV detection, whereas NO(2) was detected by a one-photon transition followed by Stokes fluorescence.
Atomic mercury in the atmosphere was detected by the differential-absorption lidar technique. Laser light at the mercury resonance wavelength of 253.65 nm was generated by anti-Stokes shifting in H(2) of the frequency-doubled output from a Nd:YAG-pumped dye laser. The measurements demonstrate that a concentration of 4 ng/m(3), corresponding to a typical(More)