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Type 1 fimbriae of Escherichia coli are surface organelles which mediate binding to D-mannose-containing structures. By direct binding of FimH to D-mannose attached to a carrier protein, we demonstrated that this protein was uniquely responsible for the receptor specificity. Furthermore, we show by receptor immunoelectron microscopy that the FimH protein is(More)
The hybrid plasmid pLC44-11 from the Clarke and Carbon collection, which was known to carry the proA gene, was shown also to contain the phoE gene. In vitro recombination techniques were used to subclone a 4.9-kilobase-pair DNA fragment of pLC44-11 into the plasmid vectors pACYC184 and pBR322. Expression of this fragment in a minicell system showed that it(More)
The genetic organization of the foc gene cluster has been studied; six genes involved in the biogenesis of F1C fimbriae were identified. focA encodes the major fimbrial subunit, focC encodes a product that is indispensable for fimbria formation, focG and focH encode minor fimbrial subunits, and focI encodes a protein which shows similarities to the subunit(More)
The genes responsible for the expression of type 1 fimbriae, produced by the majority of E. coli strains, have been cloned from an E. coli K12 strain. The "passenger" DNA from an initial cosmid clone was reduced in size and subcloned in pACYC184 and pBR322 vectors. A DNA fragment of around 8 kbp was found to be required for the biosynthesis of type 1(More)
The genes responsible for expression of type 1C fimbriae have been cloned from the uropathogenic Escherichia coli strain AD110 in the plasmid vector pACYC184. Analysis of deletion mutants from these plasmids showed that a 7-kb DNA fragment was required for biosynthesis of 1C fimbriae. Further analysis of this DNA fragment showed that four genes are present(More)
Donor materials of porcine origin could potentially provide an alternative source of cells, tissues or whole organs for transplantation to humans, but is hampered by the health risk posed by infection with porcine viruses. Although pigs can be bred in such a way that all known exogenous microorganisms are eliminated, this is not feasible for all endogenous(More)
Genetically modified organisms (GMOs), e.g. viral vectors, could threaten the environment if by their release they spread hazardous gene products. Even in contained use, to prevent adverse consequences, viral vectors carrying genes from mammals or humans should be especially scrutinized as to whether gene products that they synthesize could be hazardous in(More)
Hypervariable regions (HRs) of the major subunit of F11 fimbriae were exploited for insertion of foreign epitopes. Two insertion vectors were created that contain a unique cloning site in HR1 or HR4 respectively. Several oligonucleotides, coding for antigenic determinants derived from different pathogens, were cloned in both insertion vectors. Hybrid(More)
Type 1 and F1C fimbriae are surface organelles of Escherichia coli which mediate receptor-specific binding to different host surfaces. Such fimbriae are found on strains associated with urinary tract infections. The specific receptor binding of the fimbriae is due to the presence of receptor recognition proteins present in the organelles as minor structural(More)
The origin of replication, oriC, of the Escherichia coli chromosome was mapped within a DNA segment of 422 base pairs. The nucleotide sequence of this segment was determined. The source of DNA for the sequence analysis was a minichromosome constructed in vivo, consisting exclusively of chromosomal DNA and a minichromosome constructed by cloning in vitro.(More)